Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 91
Perhaps the most striking quality of satiric literature is its freshness, its originality of
perspective. Satire rarely offers original ideas. Instead it presents the familiar in a new
form. Satirists do not offer the world new philosophies. What they do is look at
familiar conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish,
(5) harmful or affected. Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked
realization that many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false. Don Quixote
makes chivalry seem absurd, Brave New World ridicules the pretensions of science, A
Modest proposal dramatizes starvation by advocating cannibalism. None of these ideas
is original. Chivalry was suspect before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of
(10) pure science before Aldous Huxley and people were aware of famine before Swift. It
was not the originality of the idea that made these satires popular. It was the manner of
expression the satiric method that made them interesting and entertaining. Satires are
read because they are aesthetically satisfying works of art, not because they are morally
wholesome or ethically instructive. They are stimulating and refreshing because with
(15) commonsense briskness they brush away illusions and secondhand opinions. With
spontaneous irreverence, satire rearranges perspectives, scrambles familiar objects into
incongruous juxtaposition and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude.
Satire exists because there is need for it. It has lived because readers appreciate a
refreshing stimulus, an irreverent reminder that they lived in a world of platitudinous
(20) thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy. Satire serves to prod people into an
awareness of truth though rarely to any action on behalf of truth. Satire tends to
remind people that much of what they see, hear, and read in popular media is
sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true. Life resembles in only a slight
degree the popular image of it. Soldiers rarely hold the ideals that movies attribute to
(25) them, nor do ordinary citizens devote their lives to unselfish service of humanity.
Intelligent people know these things but tend to forget them when they do not hear
Reading Comprehension 91
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New philosophies emerging from satiric literature
Difficulties of writing satiric literature.
Popular topics of satire
Reasons for the popularity of satire.
They are appropriate for readers of all ages.
They are famous examples of satiric literature
They present commonsense solutions to problems.
They are books with similar stories.
Newly emerging philosophies
Abstract discussion of moral and ethnics
Odd combinations of objects and ideas
Wholesome characters who are unselfish.
informed about new scientific developments
reminded that popular ideas are often inaccurate
exposed to original philosophies when they are formulated
told how they can be of service to their communities.
become better informed about current affairs
teach themselves to write fiction
reexamine their opinions and values
accept conventional points of view
introducing readers to unfamiliar situations
reminding readers of the truth
brushing away illusions
exposing false values.
People need to be reminded to take action
It is an ideal that is rarely achieved.
Readers appreciate knowing about it
Popular media often distort such stories.