Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 91

Tuesday, March 27th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Perhaps the most striking quality of satiric literature is its freshness, its originality of

perspective. Satire rarely offers original ideas. Instead it presents the familiar in a new

form. Satirists do not offer the world new philosophies. What they do is look at

familiar conditions from a perspective that makes these conditions seem foolish,

(5)      harmful or affected. Satire jars us out of complacence into a pleasantly shocked

realization that many of the values we unquestioningly accept are false. Don Quixote

makes chivalry seem absurd, Brave New World ridicules the pretensions of science, A

Modest proposal dramatizes starvation by advocating cannibalism. None of these ideas

is original. Chivalry was suspect before Cervantes, humanists objected to the claims of

(10)    pure science before Aldous Huxley and people were aware of famine before Swift. It

was not the originality of the idea that made these satires popular. It was the manner of

expression the satiric method that made them interesting and entertaining. Satires are

read because they are aesthetically satisfying works of art, not because they are morally

wholesome or ethically instructive. They are stimulating and refreshing because with

(15)    commonsense briskness they brush away illusions and secondhand opinions. With

spontaneous irreverence, satire rearranges perspectives, scrambles familiar objects into

incongruous juxtaposition and speaks in a personal idiom instead of abstract platitude.

 

Satire exists because there is need for it. It has lived because readers appreciate a

refreshing stimulus, an irreverent reminder that they lived in a world of platitudinous

(20)    thinking, cheap moralizing, and foolish philosophy. Satire serves to prod people into an

awareness of truth though rarely to any action on behalf of truth. Satire tends to

remind people that much of what they see, hear, and read in popular media is

sanctimonious, sentimental, and only partially true. Life resembles in only a slight

degree the popular image of it. Soldiers rarely hold the ideals that movies attribute to

(25)    them, nor do ordinary citizens devote their lives to unselfish service of humanity.

Intelligent people know these things but tend to forget them when they do not hear

them expressed.

 

Reading Comprehension 91

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
Difficulties of writing satiric literature.
B
Reasons for the popularity of satire.
C
Popular topics of satire
D
New philosophies emerging from satiric literature
Question 2
The word "realization" in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A
awareness
B
surprise
C
confusion
D
certainly
Question 3
Why does the author mention Don Quirote, Brave New World and A Modest Proposal in lines 6-8?
A
They are famous examples of satiric literature
B
They are books with similar stories.
C
They are appropriate for readers of all ages.
D
They present commonsense solutions to problems.
Question 4
The word "aesthetically" in line 13 is closest in meaning to
A
realistically
B
artistically
C
dependably
D
exceptionally
Question 5
Which of the following can be found in satire literature?
A
Wholesome characters who are unselfish.
B
Odd combinations of objects and ideas
C
Newly emerging philosophies
D
Abstract discussion of moral and ethnics
Question 6
According to the passage, there is a need for satire because people need to be
A
exposed to original philosophies when they are formulated
B
reminded that popular ideas are often inaccurate
C
informed about new scientific developments
D
told how they can be of service to their communities.
Question 7
The word "refreshing" in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
meaningful
B
popular
C
ridiculous
D
unusual
Question 8
The word "they" in line 22 refers to
A
movies
B
media
C
ideals
D
people
Question 9
The word "devote" in line 25 is closest in meaning to
A
feel affection
B
dedicate
C
prefer
D
distinguish
Question 10
As a result of reading satiric literature, readers will be most likely to
A
become better informed about current affairs
B
teach themselves to write fiction
C
accept conventional points of view
D
reexamine their opinions and values
Question 11
The various purposes of satire include all of the following EXCEPT
A
introducing readers to unfamiliar situations
B
reminding readers of the truth
C
exposing false values.
D
brushing away illusions
Question 12
Why does the author mention "service of humanity" in line 25?
A
It is an ideal that is rarely achieved.
B
People need to be reminded to take action
C
Readers appreciate knowing about it
D
Popular media often distort such stories.
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