Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 88

Tuesday, March 27th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Barbed wire, first patented in the United States in 1867, played an important part in

the development of American farming, as it enabled the settlers to make effective

fencing to enclose their land and keep cattle away from their crops. This had a

considerable effect on cattle ranching, since the herds no longer had unrestricted use of

(5)      the plans for grazing, and the fencing led to conflict between the farmers and the cattle

ranchers.

 

Before barbed wire came into general use, fencing was often made from serrated

wire, which was unsatisfactory because it broke easily when under strain, and could

snap in cold weather due to contraction. The first practical machine for producing

(10)    barbed wire was invented in 1874 by an Illinois farmer, and between then and the end

of the century about 400 types of barbed wire were devised, of which only about a

dozen were ever put to practical use.

 

Modern barbed wire is made from mild steel high-tensile steel, or aluminum. Mild

steel and aluminum barbed wire have two strands twisted together to form a cable

(15)    which is stronger than single-strand wire and less affected by temperature changes.

Single-strand wire, round or oval, is made from high-tensile steel with the barbs

crimped or welded on . The steel wires used are galvanized – coated with zinc to make

them rustproof. The two wires that make up the line wire or cable are fed separately

into a machine at one end. They leave it at the other end twisted-together and barbed.

(20)    The wire to make the barbs is fed into the machine from the sides and cut to length by

knives that cut diagonally through the wire to produce a sharp point. This process

continues automatically, and the finished barbed wire is wound onto reels, usually

made of wire in lengths of 400 meters or in weights of up to 50 kilograms.

 

A variation of barbed wire is also used for military purposes. It is formed into long

(25)    coils or entanglements called concertina wire.

 

Reading Comprehension 88

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What is the main topic of the passage?
A
Cattle ranching in the United States.
B
A type of fencing
C
Industrial uses of wire
D
A controversy over land use.
Question 2
The word "unrestricted" in line 4 is closest in meaning to
A
unlimited
B
difficult
C
unsatisfactory
D
considerable
Question 3
The word "snap" in line 9 could best be replaced by which of the following?
A
loosen
B
click
C
break
D
freeze
Question 4
What is the benefit of using two-stranded barbed wire?
A
Increased strength
B
Improved rust-resistance
C
More rapid attachment of barbs
D
Easier installation.
Question 5
According to the author, the steel wires used to make barbed wire are specially processed to
A
straighten them.
B
make them more flexible
C
prevent contraction in cold weather
D
protect them against rust
Question 6
The word "fed" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
eaten
B
put
C
bitten
D
nourished
Question 7
The knives referred to in line 21 are used to
A
separate double-stranded wire
B
prevent the reel from advancing too rapidly
C
twist the wire
D
cut the wire that becomes barbs
Question 8
What is the author's purpose in the third paragraph?
A
To suggest several different uses of the wire.
B
To explain the importance of the wire.
C
To outline the difficulty of making the wire
D
To describe how the wire is made
Question 9
According to the passage, concertina wire is used for
A
prison enclosures
B
international communications
C
military purposes
D
livestock management
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