Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 87

Tuesday, March 27th, 2012 - reading comprehension

In the 1500’s when the Spanish moved into what later was to become the

southwestern United States, they encountered the ancestors of the modern-day Pueblo,

Hopi, and Zuni peoples. These ancestors, known variously as the Basket Makers, the

Anasazi, or the Ancient Ones, had lived in the area for at least 2,000 years. They were

(5)  an advanced agricultural people who used irrigation to help grow their crops.

 

The Anasazi lived in houses constructed of adobe and wood. Anasazi houses were

originally built in pits and were entered from the roof. But around the year 700 A.D.,

the Anasazi began to build their homes above ground and join them together into

rambling multistoried complexes, which the Spanish called pueblos or villages.

(10)  Separate subterranean rooms in these pueblos — known as kivas or chapels — were set

aside for religious ceremonials. Each kiva had a fire pit and a hole that was believed to

lead to the underworld. The largest pueblos had five stories and more than 800 rooms.

 

The Anasazi family was matrilinear, that is, descent was traced through the female.

The sacred objects of the family were under the control of the oldest female, but the

(15)  ritual ceremonies were conducted by her brother or son. Women owned the rooms in

the pueblo and the crops, once they were harvested. While still growing, crops

belonged to the man who, in contrast to most other Native American groups, planted

them. The women made baskets and pottery, the men wove textile and crafted

turquoise jewelry.

 

(20)  Each village had two chiefs. The village chief dealt with land disputes and religious

affairs. The war chief led the men in fighting during occasional conflicts that broke out

with neighboring villages and directed the men in community building projects. The

cohesive political and social organization of the Anasazi made it almost impossible for

other groups to conquer them.

Reading Comprehension 87

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Question 1
The Anasazi people were considered "agriculturally advanced" because of the way they
A
planted their fields.
B
stored their crops
C
fertilized their fields.
D
watered their crops.
Question 2
The word "pits" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A
stages
B
scars
C
holes.
D
seeds
Question 3
The word "stories" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
articles
B
tales
C
rumors
D
levels
Question 4
Who would have been most likely to control the sacred objects of an Anasazi family?
A
A forty-year-old woman
B
A forty-year-old man
C
A twenty-year-old woman
D
A twenty-year-old man
Question 5
The word "they" in line 16 refers to
A
crops
B
pueblos
C
women
D
rooms
Question 6
The word "disputes" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
discussions
B
developments
C
purchases
D
arguments
Question 7
Which of the following activities was NOT done by Anasazi men?
A
Making baskets
B
Planting crops
C
Crafting jewelry.
D
Building homes
Question 8
According to the passage, what made it almost impossible for other groups to conquer the Anasazi?
A
The natural barriers surrounding Anasazi willages.
B
The political and social organization of the Anasazi
C
The military tactics employed by the Anasazi
D
The Anasazi's agricultural technology.
Question 9
The passage supports which of the following generalizations?
A
The presence of the Spanish threatened Anasazi society.
B
Anasazi society exhibited a well-defined division of labor.
C
The Anasazi benefited from trading relations with the Spanish.
D
Conflicts between neighboring Anasazi villages were easily resolved.
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