Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 86

Tuesday, March 27th, 2012 - reading comprehension

The changing profile of a city in the United States is apparent in the shifting

definitions used by the United States Bureau of the Census. In 1870 the census

officially distinguished the nation’s “urban” from its “rural” population for the first

time. “Urban population” was defined as persons living in towns of 8,000 inhabitants

(5) or more. But after 1900 it meant persons living in incorporated places having 2,500 or

more inhabitants.

 

Then, in 1950 the Census Bureau radically changed its definition of “urban” to take

account of the new vagueness of city boundaries. In addition to persons living in

incorporated units of 2,500 or more, the census now included those who lived in

(10) unincorporated units of that size, and also all persons living in the densely settled urban

fringe, including both incorporated and unincorporated areas located around cities of

50,000 inhabitants or more. Each such unit, conceived as an integrated economic and

social unit with a large population nucleus, was named a Standard Metropolitan

Statistical Area (SMSA).

 

(15)   Each SMSA would contain at least (a) one central city with 50,000 inhabitants or

more or (b) two cities having shared boundaries and constituting, for general economic

and social purposes, a single community with a combined population of at least 50,000,

the smaller of which must have a population of at least 15,000. Such an area included

the county in which the central city is located, and adjacent counties that are found to

(20)  be metropolitan in character and economically and socially integrated with the country

of the central city. By 1970, about two-thirds of the population of the United States was

living in these urbanized areas, and of that figure more than half were living outside the

central cities.

While the Census Bureau and the United States government used the term SMSA

(25)   (by 1969 there were 233 of them), social scientists were also using new terms to

describe the elusive, vaguely defined areas reaching out from what used to be simple

“town” and “cities”. A host of terms came into use: “metropolitan regions”,

“polynucleated population groups”, “conurbations”, “metropolitan clusters”,

“megalopolises”, and so on.

 

Reading Comprehension 86

Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension 86. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
How the United States Census Bureau conducts a census
B
Solutions to overcrowding in cities
C
The changing definition of an urban area
D
How cities in the United States began and developed
Question 2
According to the passage, the population of the United States was first classified as rural or urban in
A
1870
B
1950
C
1900
D
1970
Question 3
The word "distinguished" in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
protected
B
differentiated
C
honored
D
removed
Question 4
Prior to 1900, how many inhabitants would a town have to have before being defines as urban?
A
15,000
B
50,000
C
8,000
D
2,500
Question 5
According to the passage, why did the Census Bureau revise the definition of urban in 1950?
A
Cities had undergone radical social change
B
City borders had become less distinct.
C
Elected officials could not agree on an acceptable definition.
D
New businesses had relocated to larger cities.
Question 6
The word "those" in line 9 refers to
A
units
B
boundaries
C
areas
D
persons
Question 7
The word "constituting" in line 16 is closest in meaning to
A
calling for
B
located near
C
determine by
D
marking up
Question 8
The word "which" in line 18 refers to a smaller
A
character
B
population
C
figure
D
city
Question 9
Which of the following is NOT true of an SMSA?
A
It has a population of at least 50,000
B
It consists of at least two cities.
C
It can include a city's outlying regions
D
It can include unincorporated regions
Question 10
By 1970, what proportion of the population in the United States did NOT live in an SMSA?
A
3/4
B
2/3
C
1/3
D
1/2
Question 11
The Census Bureau first used the term "SMSA" in
A
1970
B
1900
C
1969
D
1950
Question 12
Where in the passage does the author mention names used by social scientists for an urban area?
A
Lines 4-5
B
Lines 21-23
C
Lines 7-8
D
Lines 27-29
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 12 questions to complete.
Leave a Reply