Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 79

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

The sculptural legacy that the new United States inherited from its colonial

predecessors was far from a rich one, and in fact, in 1776 sculpture as an art form was

still in the hands of artisans and craftspeople. Stone carvers engraved their motifs of

skulls and crossbones and other religious icons of death into the gray slabs that we still

(5)      see standing today in old burial grounds. Some skilled craftspeople made intricately

carved wooden ornamentations for furniture or architectural decorations, while others

caved wooden shop signs and ships’ figureheads. Although they often achieved

expression and formal excellence in their generally primitive style, they remained

artisans skilled in the craft of carving and constituted a group distinct from what we

(10)    normally think of as “sculptors” in today’s use of the word.

 

On the rare occasion when a fine piece of sculpture was desired, Americans turned

to foreign sculptors, as in the 1770’s when the cities of New York and Charleston,

South Carolina, commissioned the Englishman Joseph Wilton to make marble statues

of William Pitt. Wilton also made a lead equestrian image of King George III that was

(15)    created in New York in 1770 and torn down by zealous patriots six years later. A few

marble memorials with carved busts, urns, or other decorations were produced in

England and brought to the colonies to be set in the walls of churches-as in King’s

Chapel in Boston. But sculpture as a high art, practiced by artists who knew both the

artistic theory of their Renaissance-Baroque-Rococo predecessors and the various

(20)    technical procedures of modeling, casting, and carving rich three-dimensional forms,

was not known among Americans in 1776. Indeed, for many years thereafter, the

United States had two groups from which to choose – either the local craftspeople or

the imported talent of European sculptors.

 

The eighteenth century was not one in which powered sculptural conceptions were

(25)    developed. Add to this the timidity with which unschooled artisans – originally trained as

stonemasons, carpenters, or cabinetmakers – attacked the medium from which they

sculpture made in the United States in the late eighteenth century.

 

Reading Comprehension 79

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Question 1
What is the main idea of the passage?
A
There was great demand for the work of eighteenth-century artisans.
B
American sculptors were hampered by a lack of tools and materials.
C
Skilled sculptors did not exist in the United States in the 1770's.
D
Many foreign sculptors worked in the United States after 1776.
Question 2
The word "motifs" in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
signatures
B
tools
C
designs
D
prints
Question 3
The work of which of the following could be seen in burial grounds?
A
Cabinetmakers
B
Carpenters
C
Stone carves
D
European sculptors
Question 4
The word "other" in line 6 refers to
A
craftspeople
B
decorations
C
shop signs
D
ornamentations
Question 5
The word "distinct" in line 9 is closest in meaning to
A
notable
B
assembled
C
inferior
D
separate
Question 6
The word "rare" in line 11 is closest in meaning to
A
festive
B
delightful
C
unexpected
D
infrequent
Question 7
Why does the author mention Joseph Wilton in line 13?
A
He was well known for his wood carvings
B
He settled in the United States in 1776.
C
He produced sculpture for churches.
D
He was an English sculptor who did work in the United States.
Question 8
What can be inferred about the importation of marble memorials from England?
A
Such sculpture was as prestigious as those made locally.
B
Such sculpture was not available in the United States.
C
Such sculpture was less expensive to produce locally than to import
D
The materials found abroad were superior.
Question 9
How did the work of American carvers in 1776 differ from that of contemporary sculptors?
A
It was less refined.
B
It was more expensive.
C
It was more dangerous.
D
It was less time-consuming.
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