Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 76

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Railroads reshaped the North American environment and reoriented North

American behavior. “In a quarter of a century”, claimed the Omaha Daily Republican in

1883, “they have made the people of the United States homogeneous, breaking through

the peculiarities and provincialisms which marked separate and unmingling sections.”

 

(5)  The railroad simultaneously stripped the landscape of the natural resources, made

velocity of transport and economy of scale necessary parts of industrial production, and

carried consumer goods to households; it dispatched immigrants to unsettled places,

drew emigrants away from farms and villages to cities, and sent men and guns to battle.

It standardized time and travel, seeking to annihilate distance and space by allowing

(10)  movement at any time and in any season or type of weather. In its grand and impressive

terminals and stations, architects recreated historic Roman temples and public baths,

French chateaus and Italian bell towers-edifices that people used as stages for many of

everyday life’s high emotions: meeting and parting, waiting and worrying, planning

new starts or coming home.

 

(15)  Passenger terminals, like the luxury express trains that hurled people over spots,

spotlight the romance of railroading. (The twentieth-Century Limited sped between

Chicago and New York in twenty hours by 1915). Equally important to everyday life

were the slow freight trans chugging through industrial zones, the morning and

evening commuter locals shuttling back ions and urban terminals, and the incessant

(20)  comings and goings that occurred in the classifications, or switching, yards. Moreover,

in addition to its being a transportation pathway equipped with a mammoth physical

plant of tracks signals, crossings, bridges, and junctions, plus telegraph and telephone

lines the railroad nurtured factory complexes, coat piles, warehouses, and generating

stations, forming along its right-of-way what has aptly been called “the metropolitan

(25) corridor” of the American landscape.

Reading Comprehension 76

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The influence of ancient architecture on the design of railroad terminals
B
Technological improvements in the area of communication in the nineteenth century
C
The railroad's impact on daily life in the United States in the nineteenth century
D
The importance of natural resources in the development of railroads
Question 2
It can be inferred from the quote from the Omaha Daily Republican (line 2-5) that railroads
A
reduced dependence on natural resources
B
brought more unity to what had been a fragmented nation
C
had no effect on the environment of the United States
D
made all sections of the nation much wealthier
Question 3
The word "it" in line 7 refers to
A
railroad
B
production
C
transport
D
scale
Question 4
The word "drew" in line 8 is closest
A
obliged
B
designed
C
helped
D
attracted
Question 5
The word "annihilate" in line 9 is closest in meaning to
A
conquer
B
utilize
C
mechanize
D
separate
Question 6
The word "Moreover" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
although
B
furthermore
C
because
D
consequently
Question 7
All of the following were true of impressive passenger terminals EXCEPT:
A
Luxury express trains traveled between them.
B
They were usually located in small towns.
C
Their architecture was influenced by the architecture of Europe.
D
They were important to many commuters.
Question 8
According to the passage, which type of development lined the area along the metropolitan corridor?
A
Agricultural
B
Industrial
C
Stores and shopping areas
D
Recreational areas
Question 9
The word "aptly" in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
incessantly
B
virtually
C
consistently
D
appropriately
Question 10
The author mentions the Twentieth-Century Limited as an example of
A
a luxury train
B
a freight train
C
an underground train
D
a commuter train
Question 11
The author gives a synonym for which of the following words?
A
Homogeneous (line 3)
B
Standardized (line 9)
C
Temples (line 11)
D
Classification (line 20)
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There are 11 questions to complete.

 

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