Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 75

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

By 1776 the fine art of painting as it had developed in western Europe up to this

time had been introduced into the American colonies though books and prints,

European visitors and immigrants, and traveling colonists who brought back copies

(and a few original) of old master paintings and acquaintance with European art

(5)      institutions.

 

By the outbreak of the Revolution against British rule in 1776, the status of the

artists had already undergone change. In the mid-eighteenth century, painters had been

willing to assume such artisan-related tasks as varnishing, gilding teaching, keeping

shops, and painting wheel carriages, houses, and signs. The terminology by which

(10)    artists were described at the time suggests their status: “limner” was usually applied to

the anonymous portrait painter up to the 1760’s: “painter” characterized anyone who

could paint a flat surface. By the second half of the century, colonial artists who were

trained in England or educated in the classics rejected the status of laborer and thought

of themselves as artists. Some colonial urban portraitists, such as John Singleton Copley,

(15)    Benjamin West, and Charles Wilson Peale, consorted with affluent patrons. Although

subject to fluctuations in their economic status, all three enjoyed sufficient patronage to

allow them to maintain an image of themselves as professional artists, an image

indicated by their custom of signing their paintings. A few art collectors James

Bowdoin III of Boston, William Byrd of Virginian, and the Aliens and Hamiltons of

(20)    Philadelphia introduced European art traditions to those colonists privileged to visit

their galleries, especially aspiring artists, and established in their respective

communities the idea of the value of art and the need for institutions devoted to its

encouragement.

 

Although the colonists tended to favor portraits, they also accepted landscapes,

(25)    historical works, and political engravings as appropriate artistic subjects. With the

coming of independence from the British Crown, a sufficient number of artists and their

works were available to serve nationalistic purposes. The achievements of the colonial

artists, particularly those of Copley, West, and Peale, lent credence to the boast that the

new nation was capable of encouraging genius and that political liberty was congenial

(30)    to the development of taste-a necessary step before art could assume an important role

in the new republic.

 

Reading Comprehension 75

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The importance of patronage to artist
B
Subjects preferred by artists in the American colonies in the eighteenth century.
C
European influence on colonial American painting
D
The changing status of artists in the American colonies in the eighteenth century
Question 2
The word "outbreak" in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A
cause
B
beginning
C
position
D
explanation
Question 3
The word "undergone" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A
experienced
B
preferred
C
led to
D
transformed
Question 4
According to the passage, before the American Revolution the main task of limners was to
A
paint wheel carriages
B
paint portraits
C
paint flat surfaces
D
varnish furniture
Question 5
It can be inferred from the passage that artists who were trained in England
A
were often very wealthy
B
imitated English painters
C
barely painted portraitists
D
considered artists to be superior to painters
Question 6
The word "consorted" in line 15 is closest in meaning to
A
made decisions
B
studies
C
agreed
D
associated
Question 7
The word "sufficient" in line 16 is closest in meaning to
A
temporary
B
adequate
C
friendly
D
expensive
Question 8
According to the passage, artists such as Copley, West and Peal signed their paintings because it
A
made it more difficult for other artists to copy the paintings
B
distinguished colonial American artists from European artists
C
increased the monetary value of the paintings
D
supported the artists' image of professionalism
Question 9
The author mentions James Bowdoin III and William Byrd in line 19 as examples of which of the following?
A
Artists who gave financial support to other artists
B
Art collectors who had a profound influence on American attitudes toward art
C
Patrons whose helped to encourage artisans to become artists
D
Art gallery owners who displayed only European art
Question 10
With which of the following would the author be most likely to agree?
A
Countries that have not had a political revolution are unlikely to develop great art.
B
The most successful art collectors are usually artists themselves.
C
Colonial artists made an important contribution to the evolving culture of the new nation.
D
The value of colonial American paintings decreased after the Revolution.
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