Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 73

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Among the species of seabirds that use the windswept cliffs of the Atlantic coast of

Canada in the summer to mate, lay eggs, and rear their young are common murres,

Atlantic puffins, black-legged kittiwakes, and northern gannets. Of all the birds on

these cliffs, the black-legged kittiwake gull is the best suited for nesting on narrow

(5) ledges. Although its nesting habits are similar to those of gulls that nest on flat ground,

there are a number of important differences related to the cliff-nesting habit.

 

The advantage of nesting on cliffs is the immunity it gives from foxes, which

cannot scale the sheer rocks, and from ravens and other species of gulls, which have

difficulty in landing on narrow ledges to steal eggs. This immunity has been followed

(10) by a relaxation of the defenses, and kittiwakes do not react to predators nearly as

fiercely as do ground-nesting gulls. A colony of Bonaparte’s gulls responds to the

appearance of a predatory herring gull by flying up as a group with a clamor of alarm

calls, followed by concerted mobbing, but kittiwakes dimply ignore herring gulls, since

they pose little threat to nests on cliffs. Neither do kittiwakes attempt to conceal their

(15)  nest. Most gulls keep the nest area clear of droppings, and remove empty eggshells

after the chicks have hatched, so that the location of the nest is not given away.

Kittiwakes defeacate over the edge of the nest, which keeps it clean, but this practice, as

well as their tendency to leave the nest littered with eggshells, makes its location very

conspicuous.

 

(20) On the other hand, nesting on a narrow ledge has its own peculiar problems, and

kittiwake behavior has become adapted to overcome them. The female kittiwake sits

when mating, whereas other gulls stand, so the pair will not overbalance and fall off the

ledge. The nest is a deep cup, made of mud or seaweed, to hold the eggs safely,

compared with the shallow scrape of other gulls, and the chicks are remarkably

(25) immobile until fully grown. They do not run from their nests when approached, and if

they should come near to the cliff edge, they instinctively turn back.

 

Reading Comprehension 73

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Question 1
What aspect of the kittiwake gull does the passage mainly discuss?
A
It interactions with other gull species
B
Its physical difference from other gull species
C
Its defensive behavior
D
Its nesting habits
Question 2
The word "rear" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
visit
B
raise
C
watch
D
reverse
Question 3
The word "scale" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
A
reminder
B
avoid
C
climb
D
approach
Question 4
Why is it difficult for ravens to steal the kittiwakes' eggs?
A
The kittiwakes' eggs are too big for the ravens to carry.
B
The ravens cannot land on the narrow ledges where kittiwakes nest.
C
The female kittiwakes rarely leave the nest.
D
The kittiwakes can see the ravens approaching the nest.
Question 5
The author mentions that eggshells little the nests of kittiwakes in order to
A
demonstrate that kittiwakes are not concerned about predators
B
illustrate kittiwakes' lack of concern for their chicks
C
show a similarity to other types of gulls
D
prove how busy kittiwakes are in caring for their offspring
Question 6
According to the passage, it can be inferred that which of the following birds conceal their nest?
A
Atlantic puffins
B
Kittiwake gulls
C
Bonaparte's gulls
D
Northern gannets
Question 7
The word "it" in line 17 refers to
A
edge
B
nest
C
practice
D
location
Question 8
The word "conspicuous" in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
noticeable
B
appealing
C
suspicious
D
disordered
Question 9
The phrase "On the other hand" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
by no means
B
therefore
C
however
D
for example
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