Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 70

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

In the last third of the nineteenth century a new housing form was quietly being

developed. In 1869 the Stuyvesant, considered New York’s first apartment house, was

built on East Eighteenth Street. The building was financed by the developed Rutherfurd

Stuyvesant and designed by Richard Morris Hunt, the first American architect to graduate

(5)  from the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris. Each man had lived in Paris, and each understood

the economic and social potential of this Parisian housing form. But the Stuyvesant

was at best a limited success. In spite of Hunt’s inviting facade, the living space was

awkwardly arranged. Those who could afford them were quite content to reunion in the

more sumptuous, single-family homes, leaving the Stuyvesant to young married couples

(10) and bachelors.

 

The fundamental problem with the Stuyvesant and the other early apartment buildings

that quickly followed, in the late 1870’s and early 1880’s, was that they were confined

to the typical New York building lot. That lot was a rectangular area 25 feet wide by 100

feet deep-a shape perfectly suited for a row house. The lot could also accommodate

(15)  a rectangular tenement, though it could not yield the square, well-lighted, and logically

arranged rooms that great apartment buildings require. But even with the awkward

interior configurations of the early apartment buildings, the idea caught on. It met the

needs of a large and growing population that wanted something better than tenements

but could not afford or did not want row houses.

 

(20)  So while the city’s newly emerging social leadership commissioned their mansions,

apartment houses and hotels began to sprout on multiple lots, thus breaking the initial

space constraints. In the closing decades of the nineteenth century, large apartment

houses began dotting the developed portions of New York City, and by the opening

decades of the twentieth century, spacious buildings, such as the Dakota and the Ansonia,

(25)  finally transcended the light confinement of row house building lots. From there it was

only a small step to building luxury apartment houses on the newly created Park Avenue,

right next to the fashionable Fifth avenue shopping area.

 

Reading Comprehension 70

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Question 1
The new housing form discussed in the passage refers to
A
hotels
B
single-family homes
C
apartment buildings
D
row houses
Question 2
The word "inviting" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A
encouraging
B
attractive
C
asking
D
open
Question 3
Why was the Stuyvesant a limited success?
A
The arrangement of the rooms was not convenient
B
Most people could not afford to live there.
C
It was in a crowded neighborhood.
D
There were no shopping areas nearby.
Question 4
The word "sumptuous" in line 9 is closest in meaning to
A
unique
B
modern
C
luxurious
D
distant
Question 5
It can be inferred that the majority of people who live in New York's first apartments were
A
young
B
unemployed
C
highly educated
D
wealthy
Question 6
It can be inferred that a New York apartment building in the 1870's and 1880's had all of the following characteristics EXCEPT:
A
Its room arrangement was not logical.
B
It had limited light.
C
It was rectangular.
D
It was spacious inside.
Question 7
The word "yield" in line 15 is closest in meaning to
A
surrender
B
harvest
C
amount
D
provide
Question 8
Why did the idea of living in an apartment become popular in the late 1800's?
A
Large families needed housing with sufficient space.
B
The shape of early apartments could accommodate a variety of interior designs.
C
Apartments were preferable to tenements and cheaper than row houses.
D
The city official of New York wanted housing that was centrally located.
Question 9
The author mentions the Dakota and the Ansonia in line 24 because
A
they are examples of large, well-designed apartment buildings
B
they were build on a single building lot
C
they are famous hotels
D
their design is similar to that of row houses
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