Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 68

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

In addition to their military role, the forts of the nineteenth century provided numerous

other benefits for the American West. The establishment of these posts opened new

roads and provided for the protection of daring adventurers and expeditions as well as

established settlers. Forts also serve as bases where enterprising entrepreneurs could

(5)  bring commerce to the West, providing supplies and refreshments to soldiers as well as

to pioneers. Posts like fort Laramie provided supplies for wagon trains traveling the

natural highways toward new frontiers. Some posts became stations for the pony

express; still others, such as Fort Davis, were stagecoach stops for weary travelers. All

of these functions, of course, suggest that the contributions of the forts to the

(10)  civilization and development of the West extended beyond patrol duty.

 

Through the establishment of military posts, yet other contributions were made to

the development of western culture, Many posts maintained libraries or reading rooms,

and some-for example, Fort Davis-had schools. Post chapels provided a setting

for religious services and weddings. Throughout the wilderness, post bands provided

(15)  entertainment and boosted morale. During the last part of the nineteenth century, to

reduce expenses, gardening was encouraged at the forts, thus making experimental

agriculture another activity of the military. The military stationed at the various forts

also played a role in civilian life by assisting in maintaining order and civilian officials

often called on the army for protection.

 

(20)  Certainly among other significant contributions the army made to the improvement

of the conditions of life was the investigation of the relationships among health,

climate and architecture. From the earliest colonial times throughout the nineteenth

century, disease ranked as the foremost problem in defense. It slowed construction of

forts and inhibited their military function. Official documents form many regions

(25)  contained innumerable reports of sickness that virtually incapacitated entire garrisons.

In response to the problems, detailed observations of architecture and climate and their

relationships to the frequency of the occurrence of various diseases were recorded at

various posts across the nation by military surgeons.

 

Reading Comprehension 68

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Question 1
Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A
Surgeons at forts could not prevent outbreaks of disease.
B
Forts were important to the development of the American West.
C
Life in nineteenth-century forts was very rough.
D
By the nineteenth century, forts were no longer used by the military.
Question 2
The word "daring" in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
foolish
B
bold
C
lost
D
lively
Question 3
Which of the following would a traveler be LEAST likely to obtain at Fort Laramie?
A
Lodging
B
Formal clothing
C
Fresh water
D
Food
Question 4
The word "others" in line 8 refers to
A
post
B
wagon trains
C
frontiers
D
highways
Question 5
The word "boosted" in line 15 is closest in meaning to
A
established
B
maintained
C
influenced
D
raised
Question 6
Which of the following is the most likely inference about the decision to promote gardening at forts?
A
Gardening was a way to occupy otherwise idle soldiers.
B
Food brought in front outside was often spoiled.
C
The soil near the forts was very fertile.
D
It was expensive to import produce from far away
Question 7
According to the passage, which of the following posed the biggest obstacle to the development of military forts?
A
Attacks by wild animals
B
Insufficient shelter
C
Illness
D
Shortage of materials
Question 8
The word "inhibited" in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
exploited
B
hindered
C
united
D
involved
Question 9
How did the military assist in the investigation of health problems?
A
By monitoring the soldiers' diets
B
By registering annual birth and death rates
C
By maintaining records of disease and potential causes
D
By experimenting with different building materials
Question 10
The author organizes the discussion of forts by
A
describing their locations
B
comparing their sizes.
C
explaining their damage to the environment
D
listing their contributions to western life
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