Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 67

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

The conservatism of the early English colonists in North American, their strong

attachment to the English way of doing things, would play a major part in the furniture

that was made in New England. The very tools that the first New England furniture

makers used were, after all, not much different from those used for centuries-even

(5)  millennia: basic hammers, saws, chisels, planes, augers, compasses, and measures.

These were the tools used more or less by all people who worked with wood:

carpenters, barrel makers, and shipwrights. At most the furniture makers might have

had planes with special edges or more delicate chisels, but there could not have been

much specialization in the early years of the colonies.

 

(10) The furniture makers in those early decades of the 1600’s were known as “joiners”,

for the primary method of constructing furniture, at least among the English of this

time, was that of mortise-and-tenon joinery. The mortise is the hole chiseled and cut

into one piece of wood, while the tenon is the tongue of protruding element shaped

from another piece of wood so that it fits into the mortise; and another small hole is

(15) then drilled (with the auger) thought the mortised end and the tenon so that a whittled

peg can secure the joint-thus the term “joiner”. Panels were fitted into slots on the

basic frames. This kind of construction was used for making everything from houses to

chests.

 

Relatively little hardware was used during this period. Some nails-forged by

(20) hand-were used, but no screws or glue, hinges were often made of leather, but metal

hinges were also used. The cruder varieties were made by blacksmiths in the colonies,

but the finer metal elements were imported. Locks and escutcheon plates-the latter to

shield the wood from the metal key-would often be imported.

 

Above all, what the early English colonists imported was their knowledge of

(25) familiarity with, and dedication to the traditional types and designs of furniture they

knew in England.

 

Reading Comprehension 67

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
The phrase "attachment to" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
curiosity about
B
control of
C
preference for
D
distance from
Question 2
The word "protruding" in line 13 is closest in meaning to
A
parallel
B
simple
C
important
D
projecting
Question 3
The relationship of a mortise and a tenon is most similar to that of
A
a cup and a saucer
B
a lock and a key
C
a hammer and a nail
D
a book and its cover
Question 4
For what purpose did woodworkers use an auger?
A
to measure a panel
B
to drill a hole
C
to whittle a peg
D
to make a tenon
Question 5
Which of the following were NOT used in the construction of colonial furniture?
A
Nails
B
Hinges
C
Mortises
D
Screws
Question 6
The author implies that colonial metalworkers were
A
more conservative than other colonists
B
frequently employed by joiners
C
unable to make elaborate parts
D
more skilled than woodworkers
Question 7
The word "shield" in line 23 closest in meaning to
A
decorate
B
copy
C
shape
D
protect
Question 8
The word "they" in line 25 refers to
A
colonists
B
types
C
designs
D
all
Question 9
The author implies that the colonial joiners
A
used many specialized tools
B
had to adjust to using new kinds of wood in New England
C
based their furniture on English models
D
were highly paid
Question 10
Which of the following terms does the author explain in the passage?
A
"joiners" (line 10)
B
"whittled" (line 15)
C
"millennia" (line 5)
D
"blacksmiths" (line 21)
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