Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 63

Monday, March 26th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Iron production was revolutionized in the early eighteenth century when coke was

first used instead of charcoal for refining iron ore. Previously the poor quality of the

iron had restricted its use in architecture to items such as chains and tie bars for

supporting arches, vaults, and walls. With the improvement in refining ore, it was now

(5)  possible to make cast-iron beams, columns, and girders. During the nineteenth century

further advances were made, notably Bessemer’s process for converting iron into steel,

which made the material more commercially viable.

 

Iron was rapidly adopted for the construction of bridges, because its strength was far

greater than that of stone or timber, but its use in the architecture of buildings developed

(10)  more slowly. By 1800 a complete internal iron skeleton for buildings had been developed

in industrial architecture replacing traditional timber beams, but it generally remained

concealed. Apart from its low cost, the appeal of iron as a building material lay in its

strength, its resistance to fire, and its potential to span vast areas. As a result, iron

became increasingly popular as a structural material for more traditional styles of

(15)  architecture during the nineteenth century, but it was invariably concealed.

 

Significantly, the use of exposed iron occurred mainly in the new building types

spawned by the Industrial Revolution: in factories, warehouses, commercial offices,

exhibition hall, and railroad stations, where its practical advantages far outweighed its

lack of status. Designers of the railroad stations of the new age explored the potential

(20)  of iron, covering huge areas with spans that surpassed the great vaults of medieval

churches and cathedrals. Paxton’s Crystal Palace, designed to house the Great

Exhibition of 1851, covered an area of 1.848 feet by 408 feet in prefabricated units of

glass set in iron frames. The Paris Exhibition of 1889 included both the widest span

and the greatest height achieved so far with the Halle Des Machines, spanning 362 feet,

(25)  and the Eiffel Tower 1,000 feet high. However, these achievements were mocked by

the artistic elite of Paris as expensive and ugly follies. Iron, despite its structural

advantages, had little aesthetic status. The use of an exposed iron structure in the

more traditional styles of architecture was slower to develop.

 

Reading Comprehension 63

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The evolution of the use of iron in architecture during the 1800's
B
Advantages of stone and timber over steel as a building material
C
The effects of the Industrial Revolution on traditional architectural styles
D
Advances in iron processing in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries
Question 2
The word "revolutionized" in line 1 is closest in meaning to
A
dramatically changed
B
gradually opened
C
carefully examined
D
quickly started
Question 3
According to the passage, iron was NOT used for beams, columns, and girders prior to the early eighteenth century because
A
limited mining capability made iron too expensive
B
the use of charcoal for refining ore produced poor quality iron
C
iron was considered too valuable for use in public buildings
D
all available iron was needed for other purposes
Question 4
Iron replaced stone and timber in the building of bridges because iron was considered
A
much stronger
B
more beautiful
C
easier to transport
D
new and modern
Question 5
The word "it" in line 11 refers to
A
industrial architecture
B
strength
C
stone
D
internal iron skeleton
Question 6
The word "appeal" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
attraction
B
attempt
C
assignment
D
adjustment
Question 7
The word "spawned" in line 17 is closest in meaning to
A
created
B
maintained
C
exposed
D
rejected
Question 8
The word "surpassed" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
exceeded
B
included
C
approached
D
imitated
Question 9
According to paragraph 3, the architectural significance of the Halle Des Machines was its
A
wide span
B
great height
C
prefabricated unites of glass
D
unequaled beauty
Question 10
How did the artistic elite mentioned in the passage react to the buildings at the Paris Exhibition?
A
They refused to pay to see them.
B
They tried to copy them.
C
They praised them.
D
They ridiculed them.
Question 11
It can be inferred that the delayed use of exposed iron structures in traditional styles of architecture is best explained by the
A
association of iron architecture with the problems of the Industrial Revolution
B
general belief that iron offered less resistance to fire and harsh weather than traditional materials
C
impracticality of using iron for small, noncommercial buildings
D
general perception that iron structures were not aesthetically pleasing
Question 12
The paragraph following the passage most probably discusses
A
the return to traditional building materials for use in commercial structures
B
the decreased use of stone and timber as a building material
C
further improvements in iron processing methods
D
the gradual inclusion of exposed iron in traditional styles of architecture
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There are 12 questions to complete.

 

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