Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 61
In taking ups new life across the Atlantic, the early European settlers of the United
States did not abandon the diversions with which their ancestors had traditionally
relieved the tedium of life. Neither the harshness of existence on the new continent nor
the scattered population nor the disapproval of the clergy discouraged the majority
(5) from the pursuit of pleasure.
City and country dwellers, of course, conducted this pursuit in different ways. Farm
dwellers in their isolation not only found it harder to locate companions in play but
also thanks to the unending demands and pressures of their work, felt it necessary to
combine fun with purpose. No other set of colonists too so seriously one expression of
(10) the period. “Leisure is time for doing something useful.” in the countryside farmers
therefore relieved the burden of the daily routine with such double-purpose relaxation
as hunting, fishing, and trapping. When a neighbor needed help, families rallied from
miles around to assist in building a house or barn, husking corn, shearing sheep or
chopping wood. Food, drink, and celebration after the group work provided relaxation
(15) and soothed weary muscles.
The most eagerly anticipated social events were the rural fairs, Hundreds of men,
women, and children attended from far and near. The men bought or traded farm
animals and acquired needed merchandise while the women displayed food prepared in
their kitchens, and everyone, including the youngsters, watched or participated in a
(20) variety of competitive sports, with prizes awarded to the winners. These events
typically included horse races, wrestling matches, and foot races, as well as some
nonathletic events such as whistling competitions. No other occasions did so much to
relieve the isolation of farm existence.
With the open countryside everywhere at hand, city dwellers naturally shared in
(25) some of the rural diversions. Favored recreations included fishing, hunting, skating,
and swimming. But city dwellers also developed other pleasures, which only compact
communities made possible.
Reading Comprehension 61
Ways in which early settlers of the United States relaxed
Hardships faced by the early settlers of the United States
Methods of buying, selling, and trading used by early settlers of the United States
Methods of farming used by early settlers of the United States
Only the wealthy participated in them.
They were enjoyed more frequently than in Europe.
The clergy organized them.
They followed a pattern begun in Europe.
They felt that it should be productive.
They felt that it was not necessary.
They felt that it should help keep their minds on their work.
They felt that it should not involve eating and drinking.
Useful and enjoyable
Positive and negative
looked forward to
They involved the purchase items useful in the home.
They were activities that could be done equally easily in the towns
They were all outdoor activities.
They were useful to the rural community.
The rural diversions enjoyed by both urban and rural people
Changes in the lifestyles of settlers' as they moved to the cities
Building methods of the early settlers in rural areas
Leisure activities of city dwellers