Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 57

Sunday, March 25th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Before the 1500′s, the western plains of North America were dominated by farmers.

One group, the Mandans, lived in the upper Missouri River country, primarily in

present-day North Dakota. They had large villages of houses built close together. The

tight arrangement enabled the Mandans to protect themselves more easily from the

(5)  attacks of others who might seek to obtain some of the food these highly capable

farmers stored from one year to the next.

 

The women had primary responsibility for the fields. They had to exercise

considerable skill to produce the desired results, for their northern location meant

fleeting growing seasons. Winter often lingered; autumn could be ushered in by

(10)  severe frost. For good measure, during the spring and summer, drought, heat, hail,

grasshoppers, and other frustrations might await the wary grower.

 

Under such conditions, Mandan women had to grow maize capable of weathering

adversity. They began as early as it appeared feasible to do so in the spring, clearing

the land, using fire to clear stubble from the fields and then planting. From this point

(15)  until the first green corn could be harvested, the crop required labor and vigilance.

 

Harvesting proceeded in two stages. In August the Mandans picked a smaller

amount of the crop before it had matured fully. This green corn was boiled, dried, and

shelled, with some of the maize slated for immediate consumption and the rest stored

in animal-skin bags. Later in the fall, the people picked the rest of the corn. They saved

(20)  the best of the harvest for seeds or for trade, with the remainder eaten right away or

stored for later use in underground reserves. With appropriate banking of the extra

food, the Mandans protected themselves against the disaster of crop failure and

accompanying hunger.

 

The women planted another staple, squash, about the first of June, and harvested it

(25)  near the time of the green corn harvest. After they picked it, they sliced it, dried it, and

strung the slices before they stored them. Once again, they saved the seed from the best

of the year’s crop. The Mandans also grew sunflowers and tobacco; the latter was the

particular task of the old men.

Reading Comprehension 57

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Question 1
The Mandans built their houses close together in order to
A
share farming implements
B
allow more room for growing corn
C
guard their supplies of food
D
protect themselves against the weather
Question 2
The word "enabled" in line 4 is closest in meaning to
A
covered
B
isolated
C
helped
D
reminded
Question 3
The word "considerable" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
A
planning
B
physical
C
flew
D
much
Question 4
Why does the author believe that the Mandans were skilled farmers?
A
They developed new varieties of corn.
B
They could grow crops despite adverse weather.
C
They could grow crops in most types of soil.
D
They developed effective fertilizers.
Question 5
Tile word "consumption" in line 18 is closest in meaning to
A
planting
B
decay
C
eating
D
conversion
Question 6
Which of the following processes does the author imply was done by both men and women?
A
Clearing fields
B
harvesting squash.
C
Harvesting corn
D
Planting corn
Question 7
The word "disaster" in line 22 is closest in meaning to
A
avoidance
B
history
C
catastrophe
D
control
Question 8
According to the passage, the Mandans preserved their food by
A
freezing
B
smoking
C
salting
D
drying
Question 9
The word "it" in line 25 refers to
A
June
B
corn
C
squash
D
time
Question 10
Which of the following crops was cultivated primarily by men
A
Sunflower
B
Squash
C
Tobacco
D
Corn
Question 11
Throughout the passage, the author implies that the Mandans
A
planned for the future
B
valued individuality
C
were open to strangers
D
were very adventurous
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