Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 52

Friday, March 23rd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Although social changes in the United States were being wrought throughout most

of the nineteenth-century, public awareness of the changes increased to new levels in

the 1890′s. The acute, growing public awareness of the social changes that had been

taking place for some time was tied to tremendous growth in popular journalism in the

(5)  late nineteenth century, including growth in quantity and circulation of both magazines

and newspapers. These developments, in addition to the continued growth of cities,

were significant factors in the transformation of society from one characterized by

relatively isolated self-contained communities into an urban, industrial nation. The

decade of the 1870′s, for example, was a period in which the sheer number of

(10)  newspapers doubled, and by 1880 the New York Graphic had published the first

photographic reproduction in a newspaper, portending a dramatic rise in newspaper

readership. Between 1882 and 1886 alone, the price of daily newspapers dropped from

four cents a copy to one cent, made possible in part by a great increase in demand.

Furthermore, the introduction in 1890 of the first successful linotype machine promised

(15)  even further growth. In 1872 only two daily newspapers could claim a circulation of

over 100,000,but by 1892 seven more newspapers exceeded that figure. A world

beyond the immediate community was rapidly becoming visible.

 

But it was not newspapers alone that were bringing the new awareness to people in

the United States in the late nineteenth century. Magazines as they are known today

(20)  began publication around 1882, and, in fact, the circulation of weekly magazines

exceeded that of newspapers in the period which followed. By 1892, for example, the

circulation of the Ladies’ Home Journal had reached an astounding 700,000. An increase

in book readership also played a significant part in this general trend. For example,

Edward Bellamy’s utopian novel, Looking Backward, sold over a million copies in

(25)  1888, giving rise to the growth of organizations dedicated to the realization of Bellamy’s

vision of the future. The printed word, unquestionably, was intruding on the insulation

that had characterized United Slates society in an earlier period.

 

Reading Comprehension 52

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Question 1
The word "acute" in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
controversial
B
intense
C
useful
D
genuine
Question 2
According to the passage, the expansion of popular journalism was linked to
A
greater numbers of journalists
B
changes in the distribution system
C
a larger supply of paper
D
an increase in people's awareness of social changes
Question 3
According to the passage, the New York Graphic's inclusion of photographs contributed to
A
newspapers becoming more expensive
B
a reduction in the cost of advertising
C
the closing of newspapers that did not use photographs
D
an increase in the number of people reading newspapers
Question 4
Why was there a drop in the price of daily newspapers between 1882 and 1886 ?
A
Newspapers had fewer pages.
B
Newspapers contained photographic reproductions.
C
Magazines began to compete with newspapers.
D
There was a rise in demand.
Question 5
The word "exceeded" in line 16 is closest in meaning to
A
affected
B
controlled
C
surpassed
D
equaled
Question 6
What does the author mean by the statement " A world beyond the immediate community was rapidly becoming visible" in lilies 16-11 ?
A
Communities remained isolated despite the growth of popular journalism
B
The United Slates exported newspapers to other countries.
C
People were becoming increasingly aware of national and international issues.
D
Photographs made newspapers more interesting.
Question 7
The word " that" in line 21 refers to
A
period
B
century
C
circulation
D
publication
Question 8
The word "astounding" in line 22 is closest in meaning to
A
estimated
B
encouraging
C
surprising
D
sudden
Question 9
Why does the author mention Edward Bellamy's novel Looking Backward?
A
To document its prediction about the popularity of newspapers
B
To illustrate how advanced the technology of printing had become
C
To demonstrate that hooks had replaced newspapers and magazines as the leading source of information
D
To emphasize the influence of the printed word on a society undergoing rapid change
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