Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 50
The year 1850 may be considered the beginning of a new epoch in America art,
with respect to the development of watercolor painting. In December of that year, a
group of thirty artists gathered in the studio of John Falconer in New York City and
drafted both a constitution and bylaws, establishing The Society for the Promotion
(5) of Painting in Water Color. In addition to securing an exhibition space in the Library
Society building in lower Manhattan, the society founded a small school for the
instruction of watercolor painting Periodic exhibitions of the members’ paintings
also included works by noted English artists of the day, borrowed from embryonic
private collections in the city. The society’s activities also included organized
(10) sketching excursions along he Hudson River. Its major public exposure came in 1853,
when the society presented works by its members in the “Industry of All Nations”
section of the Crystal Palace Exposition in New York.
The society did not prosper, however, and by the time of its annual meeting in
1854 membership had fallen to twenty-one. The group gave up its quarters in the
(15) Library Society building and returned to Falconer’s studio, where it broke up amid
dissension. No further attempt to formally organize the growing numbers of watercolor
painters in New York City was made for more than a decade. During that decade,
though, Henry Warren’s Painting in Water Color was published in New York City
in 1856-the book was a considerable improvement over the only other manual of
(20) instruction existing at the time, Elements of Graphic Art, by Archibald Roberson,
published in 1802 and by the 1850’s long out of print.
In 1866 the National Academy of Design was host to an exhibition of watercolor
painting in its elaborate neo-Venetian Gothic building on Twenty-Third Street in
New York City. The exhibit was sponsored by an independent group called The Artists
(25) Fund Society. Within a few months of this event, forty-two prominent artists living in
and near New York City founded The American Society of Painters in Water Colors.
Reading Comprehension 50
styles of watercolor painting in New York City during the mid-1800's
the most influential watercolor painters in the mid-1800's
a famous exhibition of watercolor paintings in New York City in the mid-1800's
efforts to organize watercolor painters in New York City during the mid-1800's
The first book on watercolor painting was published
a group of artists established a watercolor-painting society
John Falconer established his studio for watercolor painters
watercolor painting was first introduced to New York City
Instruction in watercolor painting was offered by members of the society
Scenes of the Hudson River appeared often in the work of society members.
The society exhibited paintings in lower Manhattan.
The society exhibited only the paintings of its members.
It resulted in a dramatic increase in the popularity of painting with watercolor.
It was the first important exhibition of the society's work.
It resulted in a large increase in the membership of the society.
It was the first time an exhibition was funded by a private source.
The Artists Fund Society helped them to form The American Society of Painters in Water Colors.
They increased in number despite a lack of formal organization.
They were unable to exhibit their paintings because of the lack of exhibition space.
They formed a new society because they were not allowed to join groups run by other kinds of artists.
received an important reward
was much better than an earlier published
attracted the interest of art collectors
was the only textbook published that taught painting
Elements of Graphic Art was republished.
Private collections of watercolors were first publicly exhibited.
The neo-Venetian Gothic building on Twenty-Third Street in New York City was built.
The National Academy of Design held an exhibition of watercolor paintings.