Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 47

Friday, March 23rd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Potash (the old name for potassium carbonate) is one of the two alkalis (the other

being soda, sodium carbonate) that were used from remote antiquity in the making of

glass, and from the early Middle Ages in the making of soap: the former being the

product of heating a mixture of alkali and sand, the latter a product of alkali and

(5)  vegetable oil. Their importance in the communities of colonial North America need

hardly be stressed.

 

Potash and soda are not interchangeable for all purposes, but for glass-or soapmaking

either would do. Soda was obtained largely from the ashes of certain

Mediterranean sea plants, potash from those of inland vegetation. Hence potash was

(10)  more familiar to the early European settlers of the North American continent.

The settlement at Jamestown in Virginia was in many ways a microcosm of the

economy of colonial North America, and potash was one of its first concerns. It was

required for the glassworks, the first factory in the British colonies, and was produced

in sufficient quantity to permit the inclusion of potash in the first cargo shipped out of

(15)  Jamestown. The second ship to arrive in the settlement from England included among

its passengers experts in potash making.

 

The method of making potash was simple enough. Logs was piled up and burned

in the open, and the ashes collected. The ashes were placed in a barrel with holes in the

bottom, and water was poured over them. The solution draining from the barrel was

(20)  boiled down in iron kettles. The resulting mass was further heated to fuse the mass

into what was called potash.

 

In North America, potash making quickly became an adjunct to the clearing of land

for agriculture, for it was estimated that as much as half the cost of clearing land could

be recovered by the sale of potash. Some potash was exported from Maine and New

(25)  Hampshire in the seventeenth century, but the market turned out to be mainly domestic,

consisting mostly of shipments from the northern to the southern colonies. For despite

the beginning of the trade at Jamestown and such encouragements as a series of acts

“to encourage the making of potash,” beginning in 1707 in South Carolina, the

softwoods in the South proved to be poor sources of the substance.

 

Reading Comprehension 47

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Question 1
What aspect of potash does the passage mainly discuss?
A
How it was made
B
Its importance in colonial North America
C
Its value as a product for export
D
How it differs from other alkalis
Question 2
All of the following statements are true of both potash and soda EXPECT:
A
They are used in making glass.
B
They are made from sea plants.
C
They are alkalis.
D
They are used in making soap.
Question 3
They phrase "the latter" in line 4 refers to
A
sand
B
soap
C
alkali
D
glass
Question 4
The word "stressed" in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A
adjusted
B
emphasized
C
defined
D
mentioned
Question 5
The word "interchangeable" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A
identifiable
B
convenient
C
equivalent
D
advantageous
Question 6
It can be inferred from the passage that potash was more common than soda in colonial North America because
A
making potash required less time than making soda
B
the colonial glassworks found soda more difficult to use
C
the materials needed for making soda were not readily available
D
potash was better than soda for making glass and soap
Question 7
According to paragraph 4, all of the following were needed for making potash EXCEPT
A
wood
B
fire
C
sand
D
water
Question 8
The word "adjunct" in line 22 is closest in meaning to
A
addition
B
problem
C
answer
D
possibility
Question 9
According to the passage, a major benefit of making potash was that
A
it helped finance the creation of farms
B
it could be made with a variety of materials
C
it could be exported to Europe in exchange for other goods
D
stimulated the development of new ways of glassmaking
Question 10
According to paragraph 5, the softwoods in the South posed which of the following problems for southern settles?
A
The softwoods were not very marketable.
B
The softwoods were not very useful for making potash.
C
The softwoods were not very plentiful.
D
The softwoods could not be used to build houses.
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