Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 45

Friday, March 23rd, 2012 - reading comprehension

The observation of the skies has played a special part in the lives and cultures of

peoples since the earliest of times. Evidence obtained from a site known as the Hole

in the Rock, in Papago Park in Phoenix, Arizona, indicates that it might have been

used as an observatory by a prehistoric people known as the Hohokam.

 

(5)  The physical attributes of the site allow its use as a natural calendar/clock. The

“hole” at Hole in the Rock is formed by two large overhanging rocks coming

together at a point, creating a shelter with an opening large enough for several

persons to pass through. The northeast-facing overhang has a smaller opening in its

roof. It is this smaller hole that produces the attributes that may have been used as a

(10)  calendar clock.

 

Because of its location in the shelter’s roof, a beam of sunlight can pass through

this second hole and cast a spot onto the shelter’s wall and floor. This spot of light

travels from west to east as the sun moves across the sky. It also moves from north

to south and back again as the Earth travels around the Sun. the west-to-east

(15)  movement could have been used to establish a daily clock, much like a sundial,

while the north-to-south movement could have been used to establish a seasonal

calendar.

 

The spot first appears and starts down the surface of the wall of the shelter at

different times of the morning depending on the time of the year. The spot grows in

(20)  size from its first appearance until its maximum size is achieved roughly at midday.

It then continues its downward movement until it reaches a point where it jumps to

the floor of the shelter. As the Sun continues to move to the west, the spot continues

to move across the shelter floor and down the butte, or hill, toward a group of small

boulders. If a person is seated on a certain one of these rocks as the spot reaches it,

(25)  the Sun can be viewed through the calendar hole. This occurs at different times in

the afternoon depending on the time of year.

 

Reading Comprehension 45

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
Rock formations of Arizona
B
A site used by ancient people to measure time
C
The movement of the Earth around the Sun
D
Observations of the stars by ancient people
Question 2
The word "obtained" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
removed
B
acquired
C
transported
D
covered
Question 3
The word "attributes" in line 5 is closest in meaning to
A
changes
B
locations
C
characteristics
D
dimensions
Question 4
The word "its" in line 11 refers to
A
roof
B
spot
C
hole
D
beam
Question 5
The word "establish" in line 15 is closest in meaning to
A
locate
B
choose
C
consult
D
create
Question 6
Which of the following is NOT true of the spot of light?
A
Its movement is affected by the position of the Sun.
B
It is caused by sunlight passing through a hole.
C
It movement could have been used to estimate the time of day.
D
It travels across the roof of the shelter.
Question 7
From which of the following can be the time of year be determined?
A
The speed with which the spot of light moves
B
The movement of the spot of light from north to south
C
The size of the sport of light at midday
D
The movement of the spot of light from west to east
Question 8
The word "roughly" in line 20 is closest in meaning to
A
approximately
B
finally
C
harshly
D
uneasily
Question 9
The passage mentions that the Hole in the Rock was used as all of the following EXCEPT
A
a clock
B
a home
C
an observatory
D
a calendar
Question 10
Which of the following can be inferred from the fourth paragraph?
A
The boulders are located below the rock shelter.
B
The spot of light is largest when it first appears.
C
After it passes the boulders, the spot of light disappears.
D
The person seated on the rock cannot see the shelter.
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