Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 42

Thursday, March 22nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Perhaps the most obvious way artistic creation reflect how people live is by

mirroring the environment-the materials and technologies available to a culture.

Stone, wood, tree bark, clay, and sand are generally available materials. In addition,

depending on the locality, other resources may be accessible: shells, horns, gold,

(5)  copper, and silver. The different uses to which societies put these materials are of

interest to anthropologists who may ask, for example, why a people chooses to use

clay and not copper when both items are available. Although there are no conclusive

answers yet, the way in which a society views its environment is sometimes apparent

in its choice and use of artistic materials. The use of certain metals, for example, may

(10)  be reserved for ceremonial objects of special importance. Or the belief in the

supernatural powers of a stone or tree may cause a sculptor to be sensitive to that

material.

 

What is particularly meaningful to anthropologist is the realization that although

the materials available to a society may to some extent limit or influence what it can do

(15)  artistically, the materials by no means determine what is done. Why does the artist in

Japanese society rake sand into patterns; and the artist in Roman society melt sand to

form glass? Moreover, even when the same material is used in the same way by

members of different societies, the form or style of the work varies enormously from

culture to culture. A society may simply choose to represent objects or phenomena that

(20)  are important to its population. An examination of the art of the Middle Ages tells us

something about the medieval preoccupation with theological doctrine. In addition to

revealing the primary concerns of a society, the content of that society’s art may also

reflect the culture’s social stratification.

 

Reading Comprehension 42

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Question 1
According to the passage, gold, copper, and silver are
A
more difficult to handle than wood and stone
B
essential to create ceremonial objects
C
commonly used by artists in all societies
D
available only in specific locations
Question 2
The word "conclusive" in line 7 is closest in meaning to
A
realistic
B
definitive
C
controversial
D
concurrent
Question 3
The word "apparent" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
A
distinct
B
attractive
C
logical
D
evident
Question 4
Why does the author mention the "supernatural powers of a stone or tree" in line 11?
A
As an illustration of the impact of the environment on religious beliefs
B
To emphasize the unusual properties of certain materials
C
As an example of how art can be influenced by cultural beliefs
D
To show that some sculptors avoid working with specific materials
Question 5
The word "it" in line 14 refers to
A
influence
B
realization
C
extent
D
society
Question 6
It can be inferred that the author mentions the Japanese and Roman societies because
A
of the unique stylistic features of their art
B
of their stable social conditions
C
they influenced each other
D
they used the same artistic material in very different ways
Question 7
According to the passage, all of the following statements about sand are true EXCEPT
A
Japanese artists use it to create artistic patterns.
B
Its use varies from culture to culture.
C
It is used to create glass.
D
Roman artists mix it into their paints.
Question 8
The word "Moreover" in line 17 is closest in meaning to
A
frequently
B
in addition
C
in contrast
D
similarly
Question 9
The word "preoccupation" in line 21 is closest in meaning to
A
relationship
B
argument
C
involvement
D
separation
Question 10
The word "primary" in line 22 is closest in meaning to
A
fundamental
B
ideal
C
preliminary
D
discrete
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