Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 40

Thursday, March 22nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Matching the influx of foreign immigrants into the larger cities of the United States

during the late nineteenth century was a domestic migration, from town and farm to

city, within the United States. The country had been overwhelmingly rural at the

beginning of the century, with less than 5 percent of Americans living in large towns

(5)  or cities. The proportion of urban population began to grow remarkably after 1840,

increasing from 11 percent that year to 28 percent by 1880 and to 46 percent by 1900.

A country with only 6 cities boasting a population of more than 8,000 in 1800 had

become one with 545 such cities in 1900. of these, 26 had a population of more than

100,000 including 3 that held more than a million people. Much of the migration

(10)  producing an urban society came from smaller towns within the United States, but the

combination of new immigrants and old American “settlers” on America’s “urban

frontier” in the late nineteenth century proved extraordinary.

 

The growth of cities and the process of industrialization fed on each other. The

agricultural revolution stimulated many in the countryside to seek a new life in the city

(15)  and made it possible for fewer farmers to feed the large concentrations of people

needed to provide a workforce for growing numbers of factories. Cities also provided

ready and convenient markets for the products of industry, and huge contracts in

transportation and construction-as well as the expanded market in consumer

goods-allowed continued growth of the urban sector of the overall economy of the

(20)  Untied States.

 

Technological developments further stimulated the process of urbanization. One

example is the Bessemer converter (an industrial process for manufacturing steel),

which provided steel girders for the construction of skyscrapers. The refining of crude

oil into kerosene, and later the development of electric lighting as well as of the

(25)  telephone, brought additional comforts to urban areas that were unavailable to rural

Americans and helped attract many of them from the farms into the cities. In every era

the lure of the city included a major psychological element for country people; the

bustle and social interaction of urban life seemed particularly intriguing to those raised

in rural isolation.

 

Reading Comprehension 40

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What aspects of the United States in the nineteenth century does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The impact of foreign immigrants on cities
B
Technological developments
C
The relationship between industrialization and urbanization
D
Standards of living
Question 2
The word "influx" in line 1 is closest in meaning to
A
attraction
B
processing
C
working
D
arrival
Question 3
The paragraph preceding the passage most probably discuss
A
rural life
B
foreign immigration
C
the agricultural revolution
D
famous cities of the twentieth century
Question 4
What proportion of population of the United States was urban in 1900?
A
Twenty-eight percent
B
Five percent
C
Forty-six percent
D
Eleven percent
Question 5
The word "extraordinary" in line 12 is closet in meaning to
A
expensive
B
necessary
C
supreme
D
exceptional
Question 6
The phrase "each other" in line 13 refers to
A
industry and transportation
B
growth of cities and industrialization
C
farms and small towns
D
foreign immigrants and domestic migrants
Question 7
The word "stimulated" in line 14 is closest in meaning to
A
limited
B
motivated
C
prepared
D
forced
Question 8
Why does the author mention "electric lighting" and "the telephone" in lines 24-25?
A
They were developed by the same individual.
B
They are examples of the conveniences of city life
C
They were products of the Bessemer converter.
D
They contributed to the agricultural revolution
Question 9
The word "them" in line 26 refers to
A
urban areas
B
farms
C
cities
D
rural Americans
Question 10
The word "era" in line 26 is closest in meaning to
A
period of time
B
action
C
location
D
unique situation
Question 11
The word "intriguing" in line 28 is closest in meaning to
A
attractive
B
challenging
C
comfortable
D
profitable
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