Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 40
Matching the influx of foreign immigrants into the larger cities of the United States
during the late nineteenth century was a domestic migration, from town and farm to
city, within the United States. The country had been overwhelmingly rural at the
beginning of the century, with less than 5 percent of Americans living in large towns
(5) or cities. The proportion of urban population began to grow remarkably after 1840,
increasing from 11 percent that year to 28 percent by 1880 and to 46 percent by 1900.
A country with only 6 cities boasting a population of more than 8,000 in 1800 had
become one with 545 such cities in 1900. of these, 26 had a population of more than
100,000 including 3 that held more than a million people. Much of the migration
(10) producing an urban society came from smaller towns within the United States, but the
combination of new immigrants and old American “settlers” on America’s “urban
frontier” in the late nineteenth century proved extraordinary.
The growth of cities and the process of industrialization fed on each other. The
agricultural revolution stimulated many in the countryside to seek a new life in the city
(15) and made it possible for fewer farmers to feed the large concentrations of people
needed to provide a workforce for growing numbers of factories. Cities also provided
ready and convenient markets for the products of industry, and huge contracts in
transportation and construction-as well as the expanded market in consumer
goods-allowed continued growth of the urban sector of the overall economy of the
(20) Untied States.
Technological developments further stimulated the process of urbanization. One
example is the Bessemer converter (an industrial process for manufacturing steel),
which provided steel girders for the construction of skyscrapers. The refining of crude
oil into kerosene, and later the development of electric lighting as well as of the
(25) telephone, brought additional comforts to urban areas that were unavailable to rural
Americans and helped attract many of them from the farms into the cities. In every era
the lure of the city included a major psychological element for country people; the
bustle and social interaction of urban life seemed particularly intriguing to those raised
in rural isolation.
Reading Comprehension 40
The impact of foreign immigrants on cities
The relationship between industrialization and urbanization
Standards of living
the agricultural revolution
famous cities of the twentieth century
industry and transportation
growth of cities and industrialization
farms and small towns
foreign immigrants and domestic migrants
They were developed by the same individual.
They are examples of the conveniences of city life
They were products of the Bessemer converter.
They contributed to the agricultural revolution
period of time