Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 37

Thursday, March 22nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

The term “Hudson River school” was applied to the foremost representatives of

nineteenth-century North American landscape painting. Apparently unknown during

the golden days of the American landscape movement, which began around 1850 and

lasted until the late 1860’s, the Hudson River school seems to have emerged in the

(5)  1870’s as a direct result of the struggle between the old and the new generations of

artists, each to assert its own style as the representative American art. The older

painters, most of whom were born before 1835, practiced in a mode often self-taught

and monopolized by landscape subject matter and were securely established in and

fostered by the reigning American art organization, the National Academy of Design.

(10)  The younger painters returning home from training in Europe worked more with figural

subject matter and in a bold and impressionistic technique; their prospects for

patronage in their own country were uncertain, and they sought to attract it by attaining

academic recognition in New York. One of the results of the conflict between the two

factions was that what in previous years had been referred to as the “American”,

(15)  “native”, or, occasionally, “New York” school – the most representative school of

American art in any genre – had by 1890 become firmly established in the minds of

critics and public alike as the Hudson River school.

 

The sobriquet was first applied around 1879. While it was not intended as flattering,

it was hardly inappropriate. The Academicians at whom it was aimed had worked and

(20)  socialized in New York, the Hudson’s port city, and had painted the river and its shores

with varying frequency. Most important, perhaps, was that they had all maintained with

a certain fidelity a manner of technique and composition consistent with those of

America’s first popular landscape artist, Thomas Cole, who built a career painting the

Catskill Mountain scenery bordering the Hudson River. A possible implication in the

(25)  term applied to the group of landscapists was that many of them had, like Cole, lived

on or near the banks of the Hudson. Further, the river had long served as the principal

route to other sketching grounds favored by the Academicians, particularly the

Adirondacks and the mountains of Vermont and New Hampshire.

 

Reading Comprehension 37

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The National Academy of Design
B
Paintings that featured the Hudson River
C
The training of American artists in European academies
D
North American landscape paintings
Question 2
Before 1870, what was considered the most representative kind of American painting?
A
Impressionistic painting
B
Figural painting
C
Landscape painting
D
Historical painting
Question 3
The word "struggle" in line 5 is closest in meaning to
A
communication
B
distance
C
connection
D
competition
Question 4
The word "monopolized" in line 8 is closest in meaning to
A
pursued
B
alarmed
C
dominated
D
repelled
Question 5
According to the passage, what was the function of the National Academy of Design for the painters born before 1835?
A
It mediated conflicts between artists.
B
It supported their growth and development.
C
It supervised the incorporation of new artistic techniques.
D
It determined which subjects were appropriate.
Question 6
The word "it" in line 12 refers to
A
matter
B
country
C
technique
D
patronage
Question 7
The word "factions" in line 14 is closest in meaning to
A
sides
B
people
C
cities
D
images
Question 8
The word "flattering" in line 18 is closest in meaning to
A
flashy
B
expressive
C
serious
D
complimentary
Question 9
Where did the younger generation of painters receive its artistic training?
A
In the Adirondacks
B
In New Hampshire
C
In Europe
D
In Vermont
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