Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 34

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

Although only 1 person in 20 in the Colonial period lived in a city, the cities had a

disproportionate influence on the development of North America. They were at the

cutting edge of social change. It was in the cities that the elements that can be

associated with modern capitalism first appeared – the use of money and commercial

(5)  paper in place of barter, open competition in place of social deference and hierarchy,

with an attendant rise in social disorder, and the appearance of factories using coat or

water power in place of independent craftspeople working with hand tools. “The cities

predicted the future,” wrote historian Gary. B. Nash, “even though they were but

overgrown villages compared to the great urban centers of Europe, the Middle East

(10)  and China.”

 

Except for Boston, whose population stabilized at about 16,000 in 1760, cities grew

by exponential leaps through the eighteenth century. In the fifteen years prior to the

outbreak of the War for independence in 1775, more than 200,000 immigrants arrived

on North American shores. This meant that a population the size of Boston was

(15)  arriving every year, and most of it flowed into the port cities in the Northeast.

Philadelphia’s population nearly doubted in those years, reaching about 30,000 in

1774, New York grew at almost the same rate, reaching about 25,000 by 1775.

 

The quality of the hinterland dictated the pace of growth of the cities. The land

surrounding Boston had always been poor farm country, and by the mid-eighteenth

(20)  century it was virtually stripped of its timber. The available farmland was occupied,

there was little in the region beyond the city to attract immigrants. New York and

Philadelphia, by contrast, served a rich and fertile hinterland laced with navigable

watercourses. Scots, Irish, and Germans landed in these cities and followed the rivers

inland. The regions around the cities of New York and Philadelphia became the

(25)  breadbaskets of North America, sending grain not only to other colonies but also to

England and southern Europe, where crippling droughts in the late 1760’s created a

whole new market.

 

Reading Comprehension 34

Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension 34. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
Which of the following aspects of North America in the eighteenth century does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The decline of farming in areas surrounding cities
B
The growth and influence of cities
C
The causes of immigration to cities
D
The effects of war on the growth of cities
Question 2
Why does the author say that "the cities had a disproportionate influence on the development of North America (lines1-2)?
A
The cities were growing at a great rate.
B
Most people pretended to live in cities
C
The populations of the cities were small, but their influence was great.
D
The influence of the cities was mostly negative
Question 3
The phrase "in place of " in line 5 is closest in meaning to
A
in addition to
B
connected to
C
instead of
D
because of
Question 4
The word "attendant" in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A
avoidable
B
unwelcome
C
accompanying
D
unexpected
Question 5
Which of the following is mentioned as an element of modern capitalism?
A
Social hierarchy
B
Independent craftspeople
C
Open competition
D
Social deference
Question 6
It can be inferred that in comparison with North American cities, cities in Europe, the Middle East, and China had
A
large populations
B
frequent social disorder
C
little independence
D
few power sources
Question 7
The phrase "exponential leaps" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
exciting changes
B
long wars
C
rapid increases
D
new laws
Question 8
The word "it" in line 15 refers to
A
Boston
B
population
C
Year
D
size
Question 9
How many immigrants arrived in North America between 1760 and 1775?
A
About 25,000
B
About 16,000
C
More than 200,000
D
About 30,000
Question 10
The word "dictated" in line 18 is closest in meaning to
A
determined
B
spoiled
C
reduced
D
divided
Question 11
The word "virtually" in line20 is closest in meaning to
A
hardly
B
very quickly
C
almost completely
D
usually
Question 12
The region surrounding New York and Philadelphia is contrasted with the region surrounding Boston in terms of
A
quality of farmland
B
opportunities for fishing
C
type of grain grown
D
origin of immigrants
Question 13
Why does the author describe the regions around the cities of New York and Philadelphia as "breadbaskets"?
A
They supplied grain to other parts of North America and other countries.
B
They consumed more grain than all the other regions of North America.
C
They stored large quantities of grain during periods of drought
D
They produced grain especially for making bread.
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 13 questions to complete.
Leave a Reply