Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 32
The Native Americans of northern California were highly skilled at basketry, using
the reeds, grasses, bards, and roots they found around them to fashion articles of all
sorts and sizes – not only trays, containers, and cooking pots, but hats, boats, fish
traps, baby carriers, and ceremonial objects.
(5) Of all these experts, none excelled the Pomo – a group who lived on or near the
coast during the 1800’s, and whose descendants continue to live in parts of the same
region to this day. They made baskets three feet in diameter and others no bigger than a
thimble. The Pomo people were masters of decoration. Some of their baskets were
completely covered with shell pendants; others with feathers that made the baskets’
(10) surfaces as soft as the breasts of birds. Moreover, the Pomo people made use of more
weaving techniques than did their neighbors. Most groups made all their basketwork
by twining – the twisting of a flexible horizontal material, called a weft, around stiffer
vertical strands of material, the warp. Others depended primarily on coiling – a
process in which a continuous coil of stiff material is held in the desired shaped by a
(15) tight wrapping of flexible strands. Only the Pomo people used both processes with
equal case and frequency. In addition, they made use of four distinct variations on the
basic twining process, often employing more than one of them in a single article.
Although a wide variety of materials was available, the Pomo people used only a
few. The warp was always made of willow, and the most commonly used welt was
(20) sedge root, a woody fiber that could easily be separated into strands no thicker than a
thread. For color, the Pomo people used the bark of redbud for their twined work and
dyed bullrush root for black in coiled work. Though other materials were sometimes
used, these four were the staples in their finest basketry.
If the basketry materials used by the Pomo people were limited, the designs were
(25) amazingly varied. Every Pomo basketmaker knew how to produce from fifteen to
twenty distinct patterns that could be combined in a number of different ways.
Reading Comprehension 32
The range of sizes, shapes, and designs
The rare materials used
The unusual geometric
The absence of decoration
The neighbors of the Pomo people tried to improve on the Pomo basket weaving techniques.
The Pomo baskets have been handed down for generations.
The Pomo people were the most skilled basket weavers in their region.
The Pomo people learned their basket weaving techniques from other Native Americans.
process used for coloring baskets
tool for separating sedge root
pliable maternal woven around the warp
pattern used to decorate baskets
weft and warp
bullrush and coiling
willow and feathers
sedge and weaving
There was a very limited number of basketmaking materials available to the Pomo people.
Baskets produced by other Native Americans were less varied in design than those of the Pomo people.
Baskets produced by Pomo weavers were primarily for ceremonial purposes.
The basketmaking production of the Pomo people has increased over the years.