Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 32

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

The Native Americans of northern California were highly skilled at basketry, using

the reeds, grasses, bards, and roots they found around them to fashion articles of all

sorts and sizes – not only trays, containers, and cooking pots, but hats, boats, fish

traps, baby carriers, and ceremonial objects.

 

(5)  Of all these experts, none excelled the Pomo – a group who lived on or near the

coast during the 1800’s, and whose descendants continue to live in parts of the same

region to this day. They made baskets three feet in diameter and others no bigger than a

thimble. The Pomo people were masters of decoration. Some of their baskets were

completely covered with shell pendants; others with feathers that made the baskets’

(10)  surfaces as soft as the breasts of birds. Moreover, the Pomo people made use of more

weaving techniques than did their neighbors. Most groups made all their basketwork

by twining – the twisting of a flexible horizontal material, called a weft, around stiffer

vertical strands of material, the warp. Others depended primarily on coiling – a

process in which a continuous coil of stiff material is held in the desired shaped by a

(15)  tight wrapping of flexible strands. Only the Pomo people used both processes with

equal case and frequency. In addition, they made use of four distinct variations on the

basic twining process, often employing more than one of them in a single article.

 

Although a wide variety of materials was available, the Pomo people used only a

few. The warp was always made of willow, and the most commonly used welt was

(20)  sedge root, a woody fiber that could easily be separated into strands no thicker than a

thread. For color, the Pomo people used the bark of redbud for their twined work and

dyed bullrush root for black in coiled work. Though other materials were sometimes

used, these four were the staples in their finest basketry.

 

If the basketry materials used by the Pomo people were limited, the designs were

(25)  amazingly varied. Every Pomo basketmaker knew how to produce from fifteen to

twenty distinct patterns that could be combined in a number of different ways.

 

Reading Comprehension 32

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Question 1
What best distinguished Pomo baskets from baskets of other groups?
A
The range of sizes, shapes, and designs
B
The rare materials used
C
The unusual geometric
D
The absence of decoration
Question 2
The word "fashion" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
maintain
B
organize
C
trade
D
create
Question 3
The Pomo people used each of the following materials to decorate baskets EXCEPT
A
bark
B
shells
C
feathers
D
leaves
Question 4
What is the author's main point in the second paragraph?
A
The neighbors of the Pomo people tried to improve on the Pomo basket weaving techniques.
B
The Pomo baskets have been handed down for generations.
C
The Pomo people were the most skilled basket weavers in their region.
D
The Pomo people learned their basket weaving techniques from other Native Americans.
Question 5
The word "others " in line 9 refers to
A
masters
B
pendants
C
baskets
D
surfaces
Question 6
According to the passage is a
A
process used for coloring baskets
B
tool for separating sedge root
C
pliable maternal woven around the warp
D
pattern used to decorate baskets
Question 7
According to the passage, what did the Pomo people use as the warp in their baskets?
A
Redbud
B
Bullrush
C
Sedge
D
willow
Question 8
The word "article" in line 17 is close in meaning to
A
shape
B
decoration
C
object
D
design
Question 9
According to the passage. The relationship between redbud and twining is most similar to the relationship between
A
weft and warp
B
bullrush and coiling
C
willow and feathers
D
sedge and weaving
Question 10
The word "staples" in line 23 is closest in meaning to
A
accessories
B
combinations
C
limitations
D
basic elements
Question 11
The word "distinct" in lime 26 is closest in meaning to
A
different
B
beautiful
C
compatible
D
systematic
Question 12
Which of the following statements about Pomo baskets can be best inferred from the passage?
A
There was a very limited number of basketmaking materials available to the Pomo people.
B
Baskets produced by other Native Americans were less varied in design than those of the Pomo people.
C
Baskets produced by Pomo weavers were primarily for ceremonial purposes.
D
The basketmaking production of the Pomo people has increased over the years.
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