Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 31

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

Butterflies are among the most extensively studied insects—an estimated 90 percent of the

world’s species have scientific names. As a consequence, they are perhaps the best group of

insects for examining patterns of terrestrial biotic diversity and distribution. Butterflies also

have a favorable image with the general public. Hence, they are an excellent group for

(5)  communicating information on science and conservation issues such as diversity.

 

Perhaps the aspect of butterfly diversity that has received the most attention over the past

century is the striking difference in species richness between tropical and temperate regions.

For example, in 1875 one biologist pointed out the diversity of butterflies in the Amazon when

he mentioned that about 700 species were found within an hour’s walk, whereas the total

(10)  number found on the British islands did not exceed 66, and the whole of Europe supported

only 321. This early comparison of tropical and temperate butterfly richness has been well

confirmed.

 

A general theory of diversity would have to predict not only this difference between

temperate and tropical zones, but also patterns within each region, and how these patterns vary

(15)  among different animal and plant groups. However, for butterflies, variation of species

richness within temperate or tropical regions, rather man between them, is poorly

understood. Indeed, comparisons of numbers of species among the Amazon basin,

tropical Asia, and Africa are still mostly “personal communication” citations, even for

vertebrates, In other words, unlike comparison between temperate and tropical areas,

(20)  these patterns are  still in the documentation phase.

 

In documenting geographical variation in butterfly diversity, some arbitrary, practical decisions

are made. Diversity, number of species, and species richness are used synonymously;

little is known about the evenness of butterfly distribution. The New World butterflies make

up the preponderance of examples because they are the most familiar species. It is hoped that

(25)  by focusing on them, the errors generated by imperfect and incomplete taxonomy will be

minimized.

 

Reading Comprehension 31

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Question 1
Which aspect of butterflies does the passage mainly discuss?
A
Their adaptation to different habitats
B
Their physical characteristics
C
Their variety
D
Their names
Question 2
The word "consequence" in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
analysis
B
requirement
C
result
D
explanation
Question 3
Butterflies are a good example for communicating information about conservation issues because they
A
are found mainly in temperate climates
B
have been given scientific names
C
are simple in structure
D
are viewed positively by people
Question 4
The word "striking" in line 7 is closest in  meaning to
A
noticeable
B
physical
C
confusing
D
successful
Question 5
The word "exceed" in line 10 is closest in meaning to
A
come close to
B
locate
C
allow
D
go beyond
Question 6
All of the following are mentioned as being important parts of a general theory of diversity EXCEPT
A
migration among temperate and tropical zones
B
patterns of distribution of species in each region
C
differences between temperate and tropical zones
D
variation of patterns of distribution of species among different animals and plants
Question 7
The author mentions tropical Asia in lines 17-18 as an example of a location  where
A
a general theory of butterfly diversity has not yet been firmly established
B
butterflies are affected by human populations
C
butterfly behavior varies with climate
D
documenting plant species is more difficult than documenting butterfly species
Question 8
Which of the following is NOT well understood by biologists?
A
Comparisons of behavior patterns of butterflies and certain animal groups
B
Differences in species richness within a temperate or a tropical region
C
European butterfly habitats
D
Differences in species richness between temperate and tropical regions
Question 9
The word "generated" in line 25 is closest in meaning to
A
estimated
B
assisted
C
requested
D
caused
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