Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 28

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

Archaeological literature is rich in descriptions of pot making. Unlike modern industrial

potters, prehistoric artisans created each of their pieces individually, using the simplest

technology but demonstrating remarkable skill in making and adorning their vessels.

 

The clay used in prehistoric pot making was invariably selected with the utmost care:

(5)  often it was traded over considerable distances. The consistency of the clay was crucial:

it was pounded meticulously and mixed with water to make it entirely even in texture. By

careful kneading, the potter removed the air bubbles and made the clay as plastic as

possible, allowing it to be molded into shape as the pot was built up, When a pot is fired.

It loses its water and can crack, so the potter added a temper to the clay, a substance that

(10)  helped reduce shrinkage and cracking.

 

Since surface finishes provided a pleasing appearance and also improved the durability

in day-to-day use, the potter smoothed the exterior surface of the pot with wet hands. Often

a wet clay solution, known as a slip, was applied to the smooth surface. Brightly colored

slips were often used and formed painted decorations on the vessel. In later times. glazes

(15)  came into use in some areas. A glaze is a form of slip that turns to a glasslike finish

during high-temperature firing. When a slip was not applied, the vessel was allowed to dry

slowly until the external surface was almost like leather in texture. It was then rubbed with a

round stone or similar object to give it a shiny, hard surface. Some pots were adorned with

incised or stamped decorations.

 

(20)  Most early pottery was then fired over open hearths. The vessels were covered with

fast-burning wood; as it burned, the ashes would all around the pots and bake them

evenly over a few hours. Far higher temperatures were attained in special ovens, known

as kilns, which would not only bake the clay and remove its plasticity, but also dissolve

carbons and iron compounds. Kilns were also used for glazing, when two firings were

needed, Once fired, the pots were allowed to cool slowly, and small cracks were repaired

before they were ready for use.

 

Reading Comprehension 28

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The variety of decorations on Prehistoric pottery
B
How early pottery was made and decorated
C
Why archaeologists study prehistoric pot making
D
The development of kilns used by early potters
Question 2
The word “ meticulously” in line 6 is closest in meaning to
A
completely
B
initially
C
carefully
D
heavily
Question 3
Which of the following was a process used by prehistoric potters to improve the texture of the clay?
A
Removing the water
B
Beating on the clay
C
Adding temper
D
Mixing the clay with plastic substances
Question 4
The word “durability” in line 11 is closest in meaning to
A
applicability
B
endurance
C
quality
D
adaptability
Question 5
Prehistoric potters applied slips and glazes to their vessels in order to do which of the following?
A
Improve the appearance of the vessels
B
prevent the vessels from leaking
C
Help the vessels a leather like quality
D
Give the vessels a leather like quality
Question 6
Which of the following was a method used by some potters to give vessels a glossy finish?
A
Baking them at a very high temperature
B
Smoothing them with wet hands
C
Mixing the clay with colored solutions
D
Rubbing them with a smooth hard object
Question 7
The word “incised” in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
painted
B
detailed
C
designed
D
carved
Question 8
The word “they” in ling 26 refers to
A
firings
B
pots
C
kilns
D
cracks
Question 9
According to the passage, the advantage of kilns over open fires was that the kilns
A
reached higher temperatures
B
baked vessels without cracking them
C
kept ashes away from the pots
D
required less wood for burning
Question 10
Look at the terms “temper” (line 9), “glazes” (line 14), “kilns” (line 23), and “compounds” (line 24). Which of these terms is NOT defined in the passage?
A
temper
B
kilns
C
compounds
D
glazes
Question 11
The passage mentions that when pottery is fired under burning wood ,the ashes help
A
give the vessel a glasslike finish
B
produce a more consistently baked pot
C
attain a very high temperature
D
prevent the clay from cracking
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