Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 27

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

The Native American peoples of the north Pacific Coast created a highly complex

maritime culture as they invented modes of production unique to their special

environment. In addition to their sophisticated technical culture, they also attained one of

the most complex social organizations of any nonagricultural people in the world.

 

(5)  In a division of labor similar to that of the hunting peoples in the interior and among

foraging peoples throughout the world, the men did most of the fishing, and the women

processed the catch. Women also specialized in the gathering of the abundant shellfish

that lived closer to shore. They collected oysters, crabs, sea urchins, mussels, abalone,

and clams, which they could gather while remaining close to their children. The maritime

(10)  life harvested by the women not only provided food, but also supplied more of the raw

materials for making tools than did fish gathered by the men. Of particular

importance for the native tool than did the fish gathered by the men. Of particular

made from the larger mussel shells, and a variety of cutting edges that could be made

from other marine shells.

 

(15)  The women used their tools to process all of the fish and marine mammals brought in

by the men. They cleaned the fish, and dried vast quantities of them for the winter. They

sun-dried fish when practical, but in the rainy climate of the coastal area they also used

smokehouses to preserve tons of fish and other seafood annually. Each product had its

own peculiar characteristics that demanded a particular way of cutting or drying the meat,

(20)  and each task required its own cutting blades and other utensils.

 

After drying the fish, the women pounded some of them into fish meal, which was an

easily transported food used in soups, stews, or other dishes to provide protein and

thickening in the absence of fresh fish or while on long trips. The women also made a

cheese-like substance from a mixture of fish and roe by aging it in storehouses or by

burying it in wooden boxes or pits lined with rocks and tree leaves.

 

Reading Comprehension 27

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Question 1
Which aspect of the lives of the Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast does the passage mainly discuss?
A
Difficulties in establishing successful farms
B
The contributions of women to the food supply
C
Methods of food preservation
D
How diet was restricted by the environment
Question 2
The word “unique” in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
comprehensible
B
productive
C
intentional
D
particular
Question 3
The word “attained” in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
demanded
B
spread
C
modified
D
achieved
Question 4
It can be inferred from paragraph 1 that the social organization of many agricultural peoples is
A
less efficient than that of hunters and foragers
B
better documented than that of hunters and foragers
C
more complex than that of hunters and foragers
D
more widespread than that of hunters and foragers
Question 5
According to the passage, what is true of the “division of labor” mentioned in line 5?
A
It was first developed by Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast.
B
It was a structure that the Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast shared with many other peoples.
C
It rarely existed among hunting
D
It provided a form of social organization that was found mainly among coastal peoples.
Question 6
The word “abundant” in line 7 is closest in  meaning to
A
prosperous
B
plentiful
C
acceptable
D
fundamental
Question 7
All of the following are true of the north Pacific coast women EXCEPT that they
A
sometimes searched for food far inland from the coast
B
contributed more materials for tool making than the men did
C
were more likely to catch shellfish than other kinds of fish
D
prepared and preserved the fish
Question 8
The word “They” in line 16 refers to
A
mammals
B
men
C
women
D
tools
Question 9
The Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast used smokehouses in order to
A
have a place to store fish and shellfish
B
store utensils used in food preparation
C
prepare elaborate meals
D
prevent fish and shellfish from spoiling
Question 10
The wore “peculiar” in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
appealing
B
biological
C
distinctive
D
strange
Question 11
All of following are true of the cheese-like substance mentioned in paragraph 4 EXCEPT that it was
A
useful on long journeys
B
made from fish
C
not actually cheese
D
made in a short period of time
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