Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 27
The Native American peoples of the north Pacific Coast created a highly complex
maritime culture as they invented modes of production unique to their special
environment. In addition to their sophisticated technical culture, they also attained one of
the most complex social organizations of any nonagricultural people in the world.
(5) In a division of labor similar to that of the hunting peoples in the interior and among
foraging peoples throughout the world, the men did most of the fishing, and the women
processed the catch. Women also specialized in the gathering of the abundant shellfish
that lived closer to shore. They collected oysters, crabs, sea urchins, mussels, abalone,
and clams, which they could gather while remaining close to their children. The maritime
(10) life harvested by the women not only provided food, but also supplied more of the raw
materials for making tools than did fish gathered by the men. Of particular
importance for the native tool than did the fish gathered by the men. Of particular
made from the larger mussel shells, and a variety of cutting edges that could be made
from other marine shells.
(15) The women used their tools to process all of the fish and marine mammals brought in
by the men. They cleaned the fish, and dried vast quantities of them for the winter. They
sun-dried fish when practical, but in the rainy climate of the coastal area they also used
smokehouses to preserve tons of fish and other seafood annually. Each product had its
own peculiar characteristics that demanded a particular way of cutting or drying the meat,
(20) and each task required its own cutting blades and other utensils.
After drying the fish, the women pounded some of them into fish meal, which was an
easily transported food used in soups, stews, or other dishes to provide protein and
thickening in the absence of fresh fish or while on long trips. The women also made a
cheese-like substance from a mixture of fish and roe by aging it in storehouses or by
burying it in wooden boxes or pits lined with rocks and tree leaves.
Reading Comprehension 27
Methods of food preservation
How diet was restricted by the environment
Difficulties in establishing successful farms
The contributions of women to the food supply
more widespread than that of hunters and foragers
less efficient than that of hunters and foragers
better documented than that of hunters and foragers
more complex than that of hunters and foragers
It provided a form of social organization that was found mainly among coastal peoples.
It was first developed by Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast.
It rarely existed among hunting
It was a structure that the Native Americans of the north Pacific Coast shared with many other peoples.
were more likely to catch shellfish than other kinds of fish
contributed more materials for tool making than the men did
sometimes searched for food far inland from the coast
prepared and preserved the fish
prepare elaborate meals
prevent fish and shellfish from spoiling
have a place to store fish and shellfish
store utensils used in food preparation
not actually cheese
made in a short period of time
made from fish
useful on long journeys