Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 25

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

The principal difference between urban growth in Europe and in the American

colonies was the slow evolution of cities in the former and their rapid growth in the latter.

In Europe they grew over a period of centuries from town economies to their present]

urban structure. In North America, they started as wilderness communities and developed

(5)  to mature urbanism’s in little more than a century.

 

In the early colonial day in North America, small cities sprang up along the Atlantic

Coastline, mostly in what are now New America, small cities sprang up along the Atlantic

United States and in the lower Saint Lawrence valley in Canada. This was natural

because these areas were nearest England and France, particularly England, from which

(10)  most capital goods (assets such as equipment) and many consumer goods were imported

Merchandising establishments were, accordingly, advantageously located in port cities

from which goods could be readily distributed to interior settlements. Here, too, were the

favored locations for processing raw materials prior to export. Boston, Philadelphia, New

York, Montreal, and other cities flourished, and, as the colonies grew, these cities

(15)  increased in importance.

 

This was less true in the colonial South, where life centered around large farms, known

as plantations, rather than around towns, as was the case in the areas further north along

the Atlantic coastline. The local isolation and the economic self-sufficiency of the

plantations were antagonistic to the development of the towns. The plantations

(20)  maintained their independence because they were located on navigable streams and each

had a wharf accessible to the small shipping of that day. In face, one of the strongest

factors in the selection of plantation land was the desire to have it front on a water

highway.

 

When the United States became an independent nation in 1776, it did not have a single

(25)  city as large as 50,000 inhabitants, but by 1820 it had a city of more than 10,000 people,

and by 1880 it had recorded a city of over one million. It was not until after 1823, after

the mechanization of the spinning had weaving industries, that cities started drawing

young people away from farms. Such migration was particularly rapid following the Civil

War (1861-1865).

 

Reading Comprehension 25

Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension 25. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The evolution of cities in North America
B
Trade between North American and European cities
C
Factors that slowed the growth of cities in Europe.
D
The effects of the United Sates’ independence on urban growth in New England.
Question 2
The word “they” in line 4 refers to
A
town economies
B
centuries
C
North American colonies
D
cities
Question 3
The passage compares early European and North American cities on the basis of which of the following?
A
The type of merchandise they exported
B
The pace of their development
C
Their ability to distribute goods to interior settlements
D
Their economic success
Question 4
The Word “accordingly” in line 11 is closest in meaning to
A
to some degree
B
in contrast
C
for that reason
D
as usual
Question 5
According to the passage, early colonial cities were established along the Atlantic coastline of North America due to
A
an abundance of natural resources
B
financial support from colonial governments
C
a favorable climate
D
proximity to parts of Europe
Question 6
The passage indicates that during colonial times, the Atlantic coastline cities prepared which of the following for shipment to Europe?
A
Capital goods
B
Manufacturing equipment
C
Consumer goods
D
Raw materials
Question 7
According to the passage, all of the following aspects of the plantation system influenced the growth of southern cities EXCEPT the
A
access of plantation owners to shipping
B
location of the plantations
C
economic self-sufficiency of the plantation
D
relationships between plantation residents and city residents
Question 8
It can be inferred from the passage that, in comparison with northern, cities, most southern cities were
A
documented
B
imagined
C
planned
D
discovered
Question 9
The word “recorded” in line 26 is closest in meaning to
A
planned
B
discovered
C
imagined
D
documented
Question 10
The word “drawing” in line 27 is closest in meaning to
A
employing
B
instructing
C
attracting
D
representing
Question 11
The passage mentions the period following the Civil War (line28-29) because it was a time of
A
increased numbers of people leaving employment on farms
B
significant obstacles to industrial growth
C
decreased dependence on foreign trade
D
increased migration from northern states to southern states
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 11 questions to complete.
Leave a Reply