Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 21

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

The end of the nineteenth century and the early years of the twentieth century were

marked by the development of an international Art Nouveau style, characterized by sinuous

lines, floral and vegetable motifs, and soft evanescent coloration. The Art Nouveau style

was an eclectic one, bringing together elements of Japanese art, motifs of ancient cultures,

(5)  and natural forms. The glass objects of this style were elegant in outline, although often

deliberately distorted, with pale or iridescent surfaces. A favored device of the style was to

imitate the iridescent surface seen on ancient glass that had been buried. Much of the Art

Nouveau glass produced during the years of its greatest popularity had been generically

termed “art glass.” Art glass was intended for decorative purposes and relied for its effect

(10)  on carefully chosen color combinations and innovative techniques.

 

France produced a number of outstanding exponents of the Art Nouveau style; among

the most celebrated was Emile Galle (1846-1904). In the United States, Louis Comfort

Tiffany (1843-1933) was the most noted exponent of this style, producing a great variety of

glass forms and surfaces, which were widely copied in their time and are highly prized

(15)  today. Tiffany was a brilliant designer, successfully combining ancient Egyptian, Japanese,

and Persian motifs.

 

The Art Nouveau style was a major force in the decorative arts from 1895 until 1915,

although its influence continued throughout the mid-1920’s. It was eventually to be

overtaken by a new school of thought known as Functionalism that had been present since

(20)  the turn of the century. At first restricted to a small avant-garde group of architects and

designers, Functionalism emerged as the dominant influence upon designers after the First

World War. The basic tenet of the movement-that function should determine from-was

not a new concept. Soon a distinct aesthetic code evolved: from should be simple, surfaces

plain, and any ornament should be based on geometric relationships. This new design

(25)  concept, coupled with the sharp postwar reactions to the styles and conventions of the

preceding decades, created an entirely new public taste which caused Art Nouveau types of

glass to fall out of favor. The new taste demanded dramatic effects of contrast, stark outline

and complex textural surfaces.

 

Reading Comprehension 21

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What does paragraph 1 mainly discuss?
A
Color combinations typical of the Art Nouveau style
B
Production techniques for art glass
C
The popularity of the Art Nouveau style
D
Design elements in the Art Nouveau style
Question 2
The word “one” in line 4 refers to
A
style
B
coloration
C
development
D
century
Question 3
Para.1 mentions that Art Nouveau glass was sometimes similar to which aspect of ancient buried glass
A
The appearance of the glass surface
B
The shapes of the glass objects
C
The size of the glass objects
D
The distortion of the glass
Question 4
What is the main purpose of paragraph 2?
A
To give examples of famous Art Nouveau artists
B
To show the impact Art Nouveau had on other cultures around the world
C
To explain why Art Nouveau glass was so popular in the United States
D
To compare different Art Nouveau styles
Question 5
The word “prized” in line 14 is closest in meaning to
A
uncommon
B
preserved
C
valued
D
universal
Question 6
The word “overtaken” in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
applied
B
surpassed
C
expressed
D
inclined
Question 7
What does the author mean by stating that “function should determine form” (line 22)?
A
The form of an object should not include decorative elements.
B
The purpose of an object should influence its form.
C
The design of an object is considered more significant than its function.
D
A useful object should not be attractive.
Question 8
It can be inferred from the passage that one reason Functionalism became popular was that it
A
clearly distinguished between art and design
B
was easily interpreted by the general public
C
appealed to people who liked complex painted designs
D
reflected a common desire to break from the past
Question 9
Paragraph 3 supports which of the following statements about Functionalism?
A
It was not attractive to architects all designers.
B
Its design concept avoided geometric shapes.
C
It started on a small scale and then spread gradually.
D
It was a major force in the decorative arts before the First World War.
Question 10
According to the passage, an object made in the Art Nouveau style would most likely include
A
a flowered design
B
a textured surface
C
modern symbols
D
bright colors
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