Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 20

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

During the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, almost nothing was written about the

contributions of women during the colonial period and the early history of the newly

formed United States. Lacking the right to vote and absent from the seats of power, women

were not considered an important force in history. Anne Bradstreet wrote some significant

(5)  poetry in the seventeenth century, Mercy Otis Warren produced the best contemporary

history of the American Revolution, and Abigail Adams penned important letters showing

she exercised great political influence over her husband, John, the second President of the

United States. But little or no notice was taken of these contributions. During these

centuries, women remained invisible in history books.

 

(10)  Throughout the nineteenth century, this lack of visibility continued, despite the efforts

of female authors writing about women. These writers, like most of their male counterparts,

were amateur historians. Their writings were celebratory in nature, and they were uncritical

in their selection and use of sources.

 

During the nineteenth century, however, certain feminists showed a keen sense of

(15)  history by keeping records of activities in which women were engaged. National, regional,

and local women’s organizations compiled accounts of their doings. Personal

correspondence, newspaper clippings, and souvenirs were saved and stored. These sources

from the core of the two greatest collections of women’s history in the United States one at

the Elizabeth and Arthur Schlesinger Library at Radcliffe College, and the other the Sophia

(20)  Smith Collection at Smith College. Such sources have provided valuable materials for later

Generations of historians.

 

Despite the gathering of more information about ordinary women during the nineteenth

Century, most of the writing about women conformed to the “great women” theory of

History, just as much of mainstream American history concentrated on “great men.” To

(25)  demonstrate that women were making significant contributions to American life, female

authors singled out women leaders and wrote biographies, or else important women

produced their autobiographies. Most of these leaders were involved in public life as

reformers, activists working for women’s right to vote, or authors, and were not

representative at all of the great of ordinary woman. The lives of ordinary people

(30)  continued, generally, to be untold in the American histories being published.

 

Reading Comprehension 20

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The keen sense of history shown by American women
B
The role of literature in early American histories
C
The place of American women in written histories
D
The “great women” approach to history used by American historians
Question 2
The word “contemporary” in line 5 means that the history was
A
written at that time
B
faultfinding
C
informative
D
thoughtful
Question 3
In the first paragraph, Bradstreet, Warren, and Adams are mentioned to show that
A
only three women were able to get their writing published
B
a woman’s status was changed by marriage
C
even the contributions of outstanding women were ignored
D
poetry produced by women was more readily accepted than other writing by women
Question 4
The word “celebratory” in line 12 means that the writings referred to were
A
religious
B
related to parties
C
serious
D
full of praise
Question 5
The word “they” in line 12 refers to
A
counterparts
B
sources
C
efforts
D
authors
Question 6
In the second paragraph, what weakness in nineteenth-century histories does the author point out?
A
They left out discussion of the influence of money on politics.
B
The sources of the information they were based on were not necessarily accurate.
C
They were printed on poor-quality paper.
D
They put too much emphasis on daily activities
Question 7
On the basis of information in the third paragraph, which of the following would most likely have been collected by nineteenth-century feminist organizations?
A
Biographies of John Adams
B
Letters from a mother to a daughter advising her how to handle a family problem
C
Books about famous graduates of the country’s first college
D
Newspaper accounts of presidential election results
Question 8
What use was made of the nineteenth-century women’s history materials in the Schlesinger Library and the Sophia Smith Collection?
A
They provided valuable information for twentieth—century historical researchers.
B
They were combined and published in a multivolume encyclopedia
C
They were shared among women’s colleges throughout the United States.
D
They formed the basis of college courses in the nineteenth century.
Question 9
In the last paragraph, the author mentions all of the following as possible roles of nineteenth-century “great women” EXCEPT
A
activists for women’s rights
B
politicians
C
reformers
D
authors
Question 10
The word “representative” in line 29 is closest in meaning to
A
supportive
B
satisfied
C
typical
D
distinctive
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