Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 19

Wednesday, March 21st, 2012 - reading comprehension

The canopy ,the upper level of the trees in the rain forest, holds a plethora of climbing

mammals of moderately large size, which may include monkeys, cats, civets, and

porcupines. Smaller species, including such rodents as mice and small squirrels ,are not

as prevalent overall in high tropical canopies as they are in most habitats globally.

(5)  Small mammals, being warm blooded, suffer hardship in the exposed and turbulent

environment of the uppermost trees. Because a small body has more surface area per unit

of weight than a large one of similar shape, it gains or loses heat more swiftly. Thus, in

the trees, where shelter from heat and cold may be scarce and conditions may fluctuate, a

small mammal may have trouble maintaining its body temperature.

 

(10)  Small size makes it easy to scramble among twigs and branches in the canopy for

insects, flowers, or fruit, but small mammals are surpassed, in the competition for food,

by large ones that have their own tactics for browsing among food-rich twigs. The weight

of a gibbon (a small ape) hanging below a branch arches the terminal leaves down so that

fruit-bearing foliage drops toward the gibbon’s face. Walking or leaping species of a

(15)  similar or even larger size access the outer twigs either by snapping off and retrieving the

whole branch or by clutching stiff branches with the feet or tail and plucking food with

their hands.

 

Small climbing animals may reach twigs readily, but it is harder for them than for large

climbing animals to cross the wide gaps from on tree crown to the next that typify the

(20)  high canopy. A macaque or gibbon can hurl itself farther than a mouse can: it can achieve

a running start, and it can more effectively use a branch as a springboard, even bouncing

on a climb several times before jumping. The forward movement of a small animal is

seriously reduced by the air friction against the relatively large surface area of its body.

Finally, for the many small mammals that supplement their insect diet with fruits or seeds

(25)  an inability to span open gaps between tree crowns may be problematic, since trees that

yield these foods can be sparse.

 

Reading Comprehension 19

Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension 19. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
The passage answers which of the following questions?
A
How does an animal’s body size influence an animal’s need for food?
B
How is the rain forest different from other habitats?
C
Why does the rain forest provide an unusual variety of food for animals?
D
Why do large animals tend to dominate the upper canopy of the rain forest?
Question 2
Which of the following animals is less common  in the upper canopy than in other environments?
A
Cats
B
Mice
C
Monkeys
D
Porcupines
Question 3
The word “they” in line 4 refers to
A
trees
B
high tropical canopies
C
smaller species
D
climbing mammals of moderately large size
Question 4
According to paragraph 2, which of the following is true about the small mammals in the rain forest?
A
They use the trees of the canopy for shelter from heat and cold.
B
They have difficulty with the changing conditions in the canopy.
C
They have body shapes that are adapted to life in the canopy.
D
They prefer the temperature and climate of the canopy to that of other environments.
Question 5
In discussing animal size in paragraph 3, the author indicates that
A
small animals and large animals are equally adept at obtaining food in the canopy
B
small animals are often attacked by large animals in the rain forest
C
small animals require proportionately more food than larger animals do
D
a large animal’s size is an advantage in obtaining food in the canopy
Question 6
The word “typify” in line 19 is closest in meaning to
A
characterize
B
protect
C
divide
D
resemble
Question 7
According to paragraph 4, what makes jumping from one tree crown to another difficult for small mammals?
A
Air friction against the body surface
B
The thickness of the branches
C
The inability to use the front feet as hands
D
The dense leaves of the tree crown
Question 8
The word ‘supplement” in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
look for
B
replace
C
add to
D
control
Question 9
Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A
canopy(line 1)
B
springboard(line 21)
C
warm blooded(line 5)
D
terminal leaves(line13)
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 9 questions to complete.
Leave a Reply