Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 17

Monday, March 19th, 2012 - reading comprehension

Both in what is now the eastern and the southwestern United States, the peoples of

the Archaic era (8,000-1,000 B.C) were, in a way, already adapted to beginnings of

cultivation through their intensive gathering and processing of wild plant foods. In both

areas, there was a well-established ground stone tool technology, a method of pounding

(5)  and grinding nuts and other plant foods, that could be adapted to newly cultivated foods.

By the end of the Archaic era, people in eastern North America had domesticated certain

native plants, including sunflowers; weeds called goosefoot, sumpweed, or marsh elder;

and squash or gourds of some kind. These provided seeds that were important sources of

carbohydrates and fat in the diet.

 

(10)  The earliest cultivation seems to have taken place along the river valleys of the

Midwest and the Southeast, with experimentation beginning as early as 7,000 years ago

and domestication beginning 4,000 to 2,000 years ago. Although the term “Neolithic” is

not used in North American prehistory, these were the first steps toward the same major

subsistence changes that took place during the Neolithic (8,000-2,000 B.C.) period

(15)  elsewhere in the world.

 

Archaeologists debate the reasons for beginning cultivation in the eastern part of the

continent. Although population and sedentary living were increasing at the time, there is

little evidence that people lacked adequate wild food resources; the newly domesticated

foods supplemented a continuing mixed subsistence of hunting, fishing, and gathering

(20)  wild plants, Increasing predictability of food supplies may have been a motive. It has been

suggested that some early cultivation was for medicinal and ceremonial plants rather than

for food. One archaeologist has pointed out that the early domesticated plants were all

weedy species that do well in open, disturbed habitats, the kind that would form around

human settlements where people cut down trees, trample the ground, deposit trash, and

(25)  dig holes. It has been suggested that sunflower, sumpweed, and other plants almost

domesticated themselves, that is , they thrived in human –disturbed habitats, so humans

intensively collected them and began to control their distribution. Women in the Archaic

communities were probably the main experimenters with cultivation, because

ethnoarchaeological evidence tells us that women were the main collectors of plant food

and had detailed knowledge of plants.

Reading Comprehension 17

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Question 1
The passage mainly discusses which of the following aspects of the life of Archaic peoples?
A
Their development of agriculture
B
Their distribution of work between men and women
C
The principal sources of food that made up their diet
D
Their development of ground stone tool technology
Question 2
The word “these” in line 13 refers to
A
the Midwest and the Southeast
B
river valleys
C
experimentation and domestication
D
seeds
Question 3
According to the passage, when did the domestication of plants begin in North America?
A
Before the Archaic period
B
Long after the Neolithic period
C
4,000 to 2,000 years ago
D
7,000 years ago
Question 4
The word “adequate” in line 18 is closest in meaning to
A
varied
B
sufficient
C
healthful
D
dependable
Question 5
According to the passage, which of the following was a possible motive for the cultivation of plants in eastern North America?
A
Provision of work for an increasing population
B
The need to keep trees from growing close to settlements
C
Desire for the consistent availability of food
D
Lack of enough wild food sources
Question 6
The phrase “rather than” in line 21 is closest in meaning to
A
as a replacement
B
instead of
C
such as
D
in addition to
Question 7
The plant “sumpweed” is mentioned in line 25 in order to
A
explain the medicinal use of a plant
B
contrast a plant with high nutritional value with one with little nutritional value
C
clarify which plants grew better in places where trees were not cut down
D
provide an example of a plant that was easy to domesticate
Question 8
The word “thrived” in line 26 is closest in meaning to
A
grew well
B
originated
C
died out
D
stayed
Question 9
According to the passage, which of the following is true about all early domesticated plants?
A
They were varieties of weeds.
B
They were moved from disturbed areas.
C
They failed to grow in trampled or damaged areas.
D
They succeeded in areas with many trees.
Question 10
According to the passage, it is thought that most of the people who began cultivating plants were
A
hunters
B
women
C
medical workers
D
leaders of ceremonies
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