Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 15

Thursday, March 15th, 2012 - reading comprehension

The stylistic innovation in painting known as Impressionism began in the 1870’s. The

Impressionists wanted to depict what they saw in nature, but they were inspired to portray

fragmentary moments by the increasingly fast pace of modern life. They concentrated on

the play of light over objects, people, and nature, breaking up seemingly solid surfaces,

(5)  stressing vivid contrast between colors in sunlight and shade, and depiction reflected light

in all of its possibilities. Unlike earlier artists, they did not want to observe the world from

indoors. They abandoned the studio, painting in the open air and recording spontaneous

Impressions of their subjects instead of making outside sketches and then moving indoors

to complete the work form memory.

 

(10)  Some of the Impressionists’ painting methods were affected by technological

advances. For example, the shift from the studio to the open air was made possible in

part by the advent of cheap rail travel, which permitted easy and quick access to the

countryside or seashore, as well as by newly developed chemical dyes and oils that led

to collapsible paint tubes, which enabled artists to finish their paintings on the spot.

 

(15)  Impressionism acquired its name not from supporters but from angry art lovers who

felt threatened by the new painting. The term “Impressionism” was born in 1874,when

a group of artists who had been working together organized an exhibition of their

paintings in order to draw public attention to their work. Reaction from the public and

press was immediate, and derisive. Among the 165 paintings exhibited was one called

(20)  Impression: Sunrise, by Claude Monet(1840-1926), Viewed through hostile eyes,

Monet’s painting of a rising sun over a misty, watery scene seemed messy, slapdash,

and an affront to good taste. Borrowing Monet’s title, art critics extended the term

“Impressionism” to the entire exhibit. In response, Monet and his 29 fellow artists in

the exhibit adopted the same name as a badge of their unity, despite individual differences.

(25) From then until 1886 Impressionism had all the zeal of a “church”, as the painter Renoir

put it. Monet was faithful to the Impressionist creed until his death, although many of the

others moved on to new styles.

 

Reading Comprehension 15

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What aspect of painting in the nineteenth century does the passage mainly discuss?
A
A technological advance in the materials used by artists
B
A group of artists with a new technique and approach to art
C
The impact of some artists’ resistance to the fast pace of life
D
The differences between two major styles of art
Question 2
The word “depict” in line 2 is closest in meaning to
A
deform
B
reorganize
C
justify
D
represent
Question 3
According to the passage, which of the following was one of the distinguishing characteristics of Impressionist painting?
A
The depiction of the effects of light and color
B
The focus on small solid objects
C
The way the subjects were presented from multiple angles
D
The emphasis on people rather than nature scenes
Question 4
Which of the following is a significant way in which Impressionists were different from the artists that preceded them?
A
They preferred to paint from memory
B
They began by making sketches of their subjects
C
They painted their subjects out-of-doors
D
They used subjects drawn from modern life
Question 5
The word “advent” in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
advantage
B
arrival
C
acceptance
D
achievement
Question 6
The exhibition of paintings organized in 1874 resulted in all of the following EXCEPT
A
attracting attention from the public
B
a negative reaction from the press
C
an immediate demand for the paintings exhibited
D
creating a name for a new style of painting
Question 7
The word “affront” in line 22 is closest in meaning to
A
encouragement
B
credit
C
insult
D
return
Question 8
The rejection of the Impressionist exhibition by critics was caused by which of the following?
A
Lack of interest in exhibitions by young artists
B
The small number of paintings on display
C
Anger about seemingly poorly painted art
D
The similarity between all the paintings exhibited
Question 9
The author mentions Renoir in line 25 to give an example of an artist who
A
described the enthusiasm of the Impressionists for their work
B
became as famous as Monet
C
was in favor of a traditional style of painting
D
was consistently praised by art critics
Question 10
The word “others” in line 27 refers to
A
art critics
B
individual differences
C
new styles
D
fellow artists
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