Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 12

Monday, March 5th, 2012 - reading comprehension

In the early decades of the United States ,the agrarian movement promoted the farmer

as society’s hero. In the minds of agrarian thinkers and writers ,the farmer was a person on

whose well-being the health of the new country depended .The period between the

Revolution, which ended in 1783,and the Civil War ,which ended in 1865 ,was the age of

(5) the farmer in the United States .Agrarian philosophers ,represented most eloquently by

Thomas Jefferson, celebrated farmers extravagantly for their supposed centrality in a good

society, their political virtue ,and their Superior morality .And virtually all policy makers,

whether they subscribed to the tenets of the philosophy held by Jefferson or not, recognized

agriculture as the key component of the American economy .Consequently ,government at

(10) all levels worked to encourage farmers as a social group and agriculture as economic

enterprise.

 

Both the national and state governments developed transportation infrastructure,

building canals, roads, bridges, and railroads ,deepening harbors ,and removing

obstructions from navigable streams .The national government imported plant and animal

(15)  varieties and launched exploring expeditions into prospective farmlands in the West.

In addition, government trade policies facilitated the exporting of agricultural products.

For their part ,farmers seemed to meet the social expectations agrarian philosophers

had for them ,as their broader horizons and greater self-respect, both products of the

Revolution ,were reflected to some degree in their behavior .Farmers seemed to become

(20)  more scientific ,joining agricultural societies and reading the farm newspapers that sprang

up throughout the country .They began using improved implements, tried new crops and

pure animal breeds , and became more receptive to modern theories of soil improvement .

 

They also responded to inducements by national and state governments .Farmers

streamed to the West ,filling frontier lands with stunning rapidity .But farmers responded

(25)  less to the expectations of agrarians and government inducements than to growing market

opportunities .European demand for food from the United States seemed insatiable . War,

industrialization , and urbanization all kept demand high in Europe . United States cities

and industries grew as well; even industries not directly related to farming thrived because

of the market, money ,and labor that agriculture provided

 

Reading Comprehension 12

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Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
The agrarian philosophy of Thomas Jefferson
B
The impact of the increased importance of the farmer
C
The role of the national government in the development of agriculture
D
Improvements in farming techniques
Question 2
The word “depended” in line 3 is closest in meaning to
A
explained
B
demanded
C
relied
D
improved
Question 3
The author mentions Thomas Jefferson in paragraph 1 as an example of
A
a philosopher who believed farmers were essential to the creation of a good society
B
a farmer who guided the agrarian movement toward an emphasis on economic development
C
a leader during the Revolution
D
an inventor of new farming techniques
Question 4
The phrase “subscribed to” in line 8 is closest in meaning to
A
contributed to
B
thought about
C
expanded on
D
agreed with
Question 5
Which of the following statements is supported by the information in paragraph 1?
A
The majority of farmers worked for the government.
B
Agricultural production declined between 1783 and 1861.
C
Agriculture was a vital part of the nation’s economy.
D
All government policy makers accepted Jefferson’s views of agriculture and farmers.
Question 6
According to the passage , the national and state governments did all of the following EXCEPT
A
give farmers money for their crops
B
build roads
C
develop policies that helped farmers export their products
D
import new plant varieties
Question 7
All of the following are mentioned as examples of farmers’ meeting the expectations of agrarian philosophers EXCEPT
A
becoming more scientific
B
accumulating personal wealth
C
obtaining information from farm newspapers
D
planting new crops
Question 8
The word “stunning” in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
famous
B
gradual
C
impressive
D
predictable
Question 9
Which of the following statements is best supported by paragraph 4?
A
The growing settlement of the West led to a decrease in agricultural production.
B
European agricultural products were of a higher quality than those produced in the United States.
C
Farmers were influenced more by government policies than by market opportunities.
D
Agricultural development contributed to development in other parts of the economy.
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