Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 10

Friday, March 2nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in

essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered

with a fingerboard, along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of

design, shape, and decoration is no accident: the proportions of the instrument are

(5)  determined almost entirely by acoustical considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is

deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the construction of a violin, Its tone and its

outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo instrument. No less important.

however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument. In combination with the

larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form the nucleus

(10)  of the modern symphony orchestra.

 

The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument

in its own right dates from the early 1600′s, when it first became standard in Italian

opera orchestras. Its stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626

Louis XIII of France established at his court the orchestra known as Les vinq-quatre

(15)  violons du Roy (The King’s 24 Violins), which was to become widely famous later in

the century.

 

In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact

that the strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, exciting technical changes were inspired

(20)  by such composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. Their instrumental compositions

demanded a fuller, clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner

strings and a far higher string tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin’s

internal structure and to the fingerboard so that they could withstand the extra strain.

Accordingly, ,a higher standard of performance was achieved, in terms of both facility

(25)  and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably elaborated, and new fingering

patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.

 

Reading Comprehension 10

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
The word "standard" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
customary
B
possible
C
practical
D
unusual
Question 2
"The King’s 24 Violins" is mentioned in line 15 to illustrate
A
why the violin was considered the only instrument suitable to be played by royalty
B
the superiority of French violins
C
the competition in the 1600's between French and Italian orchestras
D
how the violin became a renowned instrument
Question 3
What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?
A
The violin is probably the best known and most widely distributed musical instrument in the world.
B
The violin had reached the height of its popularity by the middle of the eighteenth century.
C
The violin has been modified to fit its evolving musical functions.
D
The technique of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the 1600's.
Question 4
The author mentions Vivaldi and Tartini in line 20 as examples of composers whose music
A
inspired more people to play the violin
B
demanded more sophisticated violins
C
could be played only by their students
D
had to be adapted to the violin
Question 5
The word "they" in line 23 refers to
A
small changes
B
Civaldi and Tartini
C
thinner strings and a higher string tension
D
internal structure and fingerboard
Question 6
The word "strain" in line 23 is closest in meaning to
A
strength
B
stress
C
struggle
D
strategy
Question 7
The word "Accordingly" in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
Ultimately
B
However
C
Consequently
D
Nevertheless
Question 8
According to the passage, early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins
A
were easier to play
B
produced softer tones
C
broke down more easily
D
were heavier
Question 9
According to the passage, which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by a violin?
A
A long fingerboard
B
Thick strings
C
High string tension
D
A small body
Question 10
Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A
solo (line 7)
B
resonator (line 2)
C
left-hand technique (line 25)
D
fingering patterns (lines 25-26)
Question 11
All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern violin music EXCEPT
A
use of rare wood for the fingerboard and neck
B
different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes
C
more complicated techniques for the left hand
D
minor alterations to the structure of the instrument
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