Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 10

Friday, March 2nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in

essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered

with a fingerboard, along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of

design, shape, and decoration is no accident: the proportions of the instrument are

(5)  determined almost entirely by acoustical considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is

deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the construction of a violin, Its tone and its

outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo instrument. No less important.

however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument. In combination with the

larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form the nucleus

(10)  of the modern symphony orchestra.

 

The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument

in its own right dates from the early 1600′s, when it first became standard in Italian

opera orchestras. Its stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626

Louis XIII of France established at his court the orchestra known as Les vinq-quatre

(15)  violons du Roy (The King’s 24 Violins), which was to become widely famous later in

the century.

 

In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact

that the strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, exciting technical changes were inspired

(20)  by such composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. Their instrumental compositions

demanded a fuller, clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner

strings and a far higher string tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin’s

internal structure and to the fingerboard so that they could withstand the extra strain.

Accordingly, ,a higher standard of performance was achieved, in terms of both facility

(25)  and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably elaborated, and new fingering

patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.

 

Reading Comprehension 10

Congratulations - you have completed Reading Comprehension 10. You scored %%SCORE%% out of %%TOTAL%%. Your performance has been rated as %%RATING%%
Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
The word "standard" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
unusual
B
possible
C
customary
D
practical
Question 2
"The King’s 24 Violins" is mentioned in line 15 to illustrate
A
the competition in the 1600's between French and Italian orchestras
B
the superiority of French violins
C
why the violin was considered the only instrument suitable to be played by royalty
D
how the violin became a renowned instrument
Question 3
What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?
A
The violin had reached the height of its popularity by the middle of the eighteenth century.
B
The violin is probably the best known and most widely distributed musical instrument in the world.
C
The violin has been modified to fit its evolving musical functions.
D
The technique of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the 1600's.
Question 4
The author mentions Vivaldi and Tartini in line 20 as examples of composers whose music
A
demanded more sophisticated violins
B
could be played only by their students
C
inspired more people to play the violin
D
had to be adapted to the violin
Question 5
The word "they" in line 23 refers to
A
internal structure and fingerboard
B
Civaldi and Tartini
C
small changes
D
thinner strings and a higher string tension
Question 6
The word "strain" in line 23 is closest in meaning to
A
strength
B
strategy
C
struggle
D
stress
Question 7
The word "Accordingly" in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
Consequently
B
However
C
Nevertheless
D
Ultimately
Question 8
According to the passage, early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins
A
were easier to play
B
produced softer tones
C
broke down more easily
D
were heavier
Question 9
According to the passage, which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by a violin?
A
High string tension
B
A small body
C
Thick strings
D
A long fingerboard
Question 10
Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A
fingering patterns (lines 25-26)
B
solo (line 7)
C
resonator (line 2)
D
left-hand technique (line 25)
Question 11
All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern violin music EXCEPT
A
different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes
B
minor alterations to the structure of the instrument
C
more complicated techniques for the left hand
D
use of rare wood for the fingerboard and neck
Once you are finished, click the button below. Any items you have not completed will be marked incorrect. Get Results
There are 11 questions to complete.
Leave a Reply