Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 10

Friday, March 2nd, 2012 - reading comprehension

Of all modern instruments, the violin is apparently one of the simplest. It consists in

essence of a hollow, varnished wooden sound box, or resonator, and a long neck, covered

with a fingerboard, along which four strings are stretched at high tension. The beauty of

design, shape, and decoration is no accident: the proportions of the instrument are

(5)  determined almost entirely by acoustical considerations. Its simplicity of appearance is

deceptive. About 70 parts are involved in the construction of a violin, Its tone and its

outstanding range of expressiveness make it an ideal solo instrument. No less important.

however, is its role as an orchestral and chamber instrument. In combination with the

larger and deeper-sounding members of the same family, the violins form the nucleus

(10)  of the modern symphony orchestra.

 

The violin has been in existence since about 1550. Its importance as an instrument

in its own right dates from the early 1600′s, when it first became standard in Italian

opera orchestras. Its stature as an orchestral instrument was raised further when in 1626

Louis XIII of France established at his court the orchestra known as Les vinq-quatre

(15)  violons du Roy (The King’s 24 Violins), which was to become widely famous later in

the century.

 

In its early history, the violin had a dull and rather quiet tone resulting from the fact

that the strings were thick and were attached to the body of the instrument very loosely.

During the eighteenth and nineteenth century, exciting technical changes were inspired

(20)  by such composer-violinists as Vivaldi and Tartini. Their instrumental compositions

demanded a fuller, clearer, and more brilliant tone that was produced by using thinner

strings and a far higher string tension. Small changes had to be made to the violin’s

internal structure and to the fingerboard so that they could withstand the extra strain.

Accordingly, ,a higher standard of performance was achieved, in terms of both facility

(25)  and interpretation. Left-hand technique was considerably elaborated, and new fingering

patterns on the fingerboard were developed for very high notes.

 

Reading Comprehension 10

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Question 1
The word "standard" in line 12 is closest in meaning to
A
unusual
B
practical
C
customary
D
possible
Question 2
"The King’s 24 Violins" is mentioned in line 15 to illustrate
A
how the violin became a renowned instrument
B
the competition in the 1600's between French and Italian orchestras
C
why the violin was considered the only instrument suitable to be played by royalty
D
the superiority of French violins
Question 3
What is the main idea presented in paragraph 3?
A
The technique of playing the violin has remained essentially the same since the 1600's.
B
The violin is probably the best known and most widely distributed musical instrument in the world.
C
The violin has been modified to fit its evolving musical functions.
D
The violin had reached the height of its popularity by the middle of the eighteenth century.
Question 4
The author mentions Vivaldi and Tartini in line 20 as examples of composers whose music
A
inspired more people to play the violin
B
demanded more sophisticated violins
C
had to be adapted to the violin
D
could be played only by their students
Question 5
The word "they" in line 23 refers to
A
thinner strings and a higher string tension
B
internal structure and fingerboard
C
small changes
D
Civaldi and Tartini
Question 6
The word "strain" in line 23 is closest in meaning to
A
strategy
B
strength
C
stress
D
struggle
Question 7
The word "Accordingly" in line 24 is closest in meaning to
A
Ultimately
B
Nevertheless
C
However
D
Consequently
Question 8
According to the passage, early violins were different from modern violins in that early violins
A
were heavier
B
broke down more easily
C
were easier to play
D
produced softer tones
Question 9
According to the passage, which of the following contributes to a dull sound being produced by a violin?
A
Thick strings
B
A long fingerboard
C
A small body
D
High string tension
Question 10
Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A
solo (line 7)
B
resonator (line 2)
C
fingering patterns (lines 25-26)
D
left-hand technique (line 25)
Question 11
All of the following are mentioned in the passage as contributing to the ability to play modern violin music EXCEPT
A
use of rare wood for the fingerboard and neck
B
minor alterations to the structure of the instrument
C
different ways to use the fingers to play very high notes
D
more complicated techniques for the left hand
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