Soal Latihan dan Jawaban Reading Comprehension 08

Wednesday, February 29th, 2012 - reading comprehension

A survey is a study, generally in the form of an interview or a questionnaire, that provides

information concerning how people think and act. In the United States, the best-known

surveys are the Gallup poll and the Harris poll. As anyone who watches the news during

Line   campaigns presidential knows, these polls have become an important part of political

(5)  life in  the United States.

 

North Americans are familiar with the many “person on the street” interviews on local

television news shows. While such interviews can be highly entertaining, they are not

necessarily an accurate indication of public opinion. First, they reflect the opinions of only

those people who appear at a certain location. Thus, such samples can be biased in favor

(10)  of commuters, middle-class shoppers, or factory workers, depending on which area the

newspeople select. Second, television interviews tend to attract outgoing people who are

willing to appear on the air, while they frighten away others who may feel intimidated by

a camera. A survey must be based on a precise, representative sampling if it is to genuinely

reflect a broad range of the population.

 

(15)  In preparing to conduct a survey, sociologists must exercise great care in the wording

of questions. An effective survey question must be simple and clear enough for people to

understand it. It must also be specific enough so that there are no problems in interpreting

the results. Even questions that are less structured must be carefully phrased in order to elicit

the type of information desired. Surveys can be indispensable sources of information, but

(20)  only if the sampling is done properly and the questions are worded accurately.

 

There are two main forms of surveys: the interview and the questionnaire. Each of these

forms of survey research has its advantages. An interviewer can obtain a high response rate

because people find it more difficult to turn down a personal request for an interview than

to throw away a written questionnaire. In addition, an interviewer can go beyond written

(25)  questions and probe for a subject’s underlying feelings and reasons. However,

questionnaires have the advantage of being cheaper and more consistent.

 

Reading Comprehension 08

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Your answers are highlighted below.
Question 1
What does the passage mainly discuss?
A
Problems associated with interpreting surveys
B
The principles of conducting surveys
C
The history of surveys in North America
D
The importance of polls in American political life
Question 2
The word "they" in line 8 refers to
A
interviews
B
opinions
C
news shows
D
North Americans
Question 3
According to the passage, the main disadvantage of person-on-the-street interviews is that they
A
are not based on a representative sampling
B
reflect political opinions
C
are not carefully worded
D
are used only on television
Question 4
The word "precise" in line 13 is closest in meaning to
A
required
B
accurate
C
planned
D
rational
Question 5
According to paragraph 3, which of the following is most important for an effective survey?
A
A high number of respondents
B
Carefully worded questions
C
An interviewer's ability to measure respondents' feelings
D
A sociologist who is able to interpret the results
Question 6
The word "exercise" in line 15 is closest in meaning to
A
consider
B
defend
C
design
D
utilize
Question 7
The word "elicit" in line 18 is closest in meaning to
A
bring out
B
predict
C
compose
D
rule out
Question 8
It can be inferred from the passage that one reason that sociologists may become frustrated with questionnaires is that
A
questionnaires are expensive and difficult to distribute
B
questionnaires are often difficult to read
C
respondents are too eager to supplement questions with their own opinions
D
respondents often do not complete and return questionnaires
Question 9
According to the passage, one advantage of live interviews over questionnaires is that live interviews
A
cost less
B
minimize the influence of the researcher
C
are easier to interpret
D
can produce more information
Question 10
The word "probe" in line 25 is closest in meaning to
A
apply
B
explore
C
influence
D
analyze
Question 11
Which of the following terms is defined in the passage?
A
Survey (line 1)
B
Response rate (line 22)
C
Representative sampling (line 13)
D
Public opinion (line 8)
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