Pengertian Collacation dalam Bahasa Inggris

Thursday, June 21st, 2012 - grammar

Definisi Collocation

Collocation adalah dua atau lebih kata-kata yang sering digunakan bersama untuk membentuk satu kesatuan makna. Kombinasi ini bagi Native Speaker tidaklah begitu asing karena sering digunakan. Namun, kombinasi lain mungkin tidak biasa dan bisa jadi akan menjadi salah. Lihatlah contoh-contoh ini:

  • the fast train (SALAH)
  • fast food (BENAR)

Ada beberapa Jenis Collocation dan cara pembentukannya. Perhatikan cara pembentukannya di bawah ini:

  • Adverb + Adjective: completely satisfied (BUKAN downright satisfied)
  • Adjective + Noun: excruciating pain (BUKAN excruciating joy)
  • Noun + Noun: a surge of anger (BUKAN a rush of anger)
  • Noun + Verb: lions roar (BUKAN lions shout)
  • Verb + Noun: commit suicide (BUKAN undertake suicide)
  • Verb + Expression With Preposition: burst into tears (BUKAN blow up in tears)
  • Verb + Adverb: wave frantically (BUKAN wave feverishly)

Berikut ini adalah contoh beberapa Collocation:

Contoh Collocation

HAVE

  • have a bath
  • have a drink
  • have a good time
  • have a haircut
  • have a holiday
  • have a problem
  • have a relationship
  • have a rest
  • have lunch
  • have sympathy

DO

  • do business
  • do nothing
  • do someone a favour
  • do the cooking
  • do the housework
  • do the shopping
  • do the washing up
  • do your best
  • do your hair
  • do your homework

MAKE

  • make a difference
  • make a mess
  • make a mistake
  • make a noise
  • make an effort
  • make furniture
  • make money
  • make progress
  • make room
  • make trouble

TAKE

  • take a break
  • take a chance
  • take a look
  • take a rest
  • take a seat
  • take a taxi
  • take an exam
  • take notes
  • take someone’s place
  • take someone’s temperature

BREAK

  • break a habit
  • break a leg
  • break a promise
  • break a record
  • break a window
  • break someone’s heart
  • break the ice
  • break the law
  • break the news to someone
  • break the rules

CATCH

  • catch a ball
  • catch a bus
  • catch a chill
  • catch a cold
  • catch a thief
  • catch fire
  • catch sight of
  • catch someone’s attention
  • catch someone’s eye
  • catch the flu

PAY

  • pay a fine
  • pay attention
  • pay by credit card
  • pay cash
  • pay interest
  • pay someone a compliment
  • pay someone a visit
  • pay the bill
  • pay the price
  • pay your respects

SAVE

  • save electricity
  • save energy
  • save money
  • save one’s strength
  • save someone a seat
  • save someone’s life
  • save something to a disk
  • save space
  • save time
  • save yourself the trouble

KEEP

  • keep a diary
  • keep a promise
  • keep a secret
  • keep an appointment
  • keep calm
  • keep control
  • keep in touch
  • keep quiet
  • keep someone’s place
  • keep the change

COME

  • come close
  • come complete with
  • come direct
  • come early
  • come first
  • come into view
  • come last
  • come late
  • come on time
  • come prepared
  • come right back
  • come second
  • come to a compromise
  • come to a decision
  • come to an agreement
  • come to an end
  • come to a standstill
  • come to terms with
  • come to a total of
  • come under attack

GO

  • go abroad
  • go astray
  • go bad
  • go bald
  • go bankrupt
  • go blind
  • go crazy
  • go dark
  • go deaf
  • go fishing
  • go mad
  • go missing
  • go on foot
  • go online
  • go out of business
  • go overseas
  • go quiet
  • go sailing
  • go to war
  • go yellow    get a job

GET

  • get a shock
  • get angry
  • get divorced
  • get drunk
  • get frightened
  • get home
  • get lost
  • get married
  • get nowhere
  • get permission
  • get pregnant
  • get ready
  • get started
  • get the impression
  • get the message
  • get the sack
  • get upset
  • get wet
  • get worried

LAIN-LAIN

TIME

  • bang on time
  • dead on time
  • early 12th century
  • free time
  • from dawn till dusk
  • great deal of time
  • late 20th century
  • make time for
  • next few days
  • past few weeks
  • right on time
  • run out of time
  • save time
  • spare time
  • spend some time
  • take your time
  • tell someone the time
  • time goes by
  • time passes
  • waste time

BUSINESS ENGLISH

  • annual turnover
  • bear in mind
  • break off negotiations
  • cease trading
  • chair a meeting
  • close a deal
  • close a meeting
  • come to the point
  • dismiss an offer
  • draw a conclusion
  • draw your attention to
  • launch a new product
  • lay off staff
  • go bankrupt
  • go into partnership
  • make a loss
  • make a profit
  • market forces
  • sales figures
  • take on staff

CLASSIFIERS

  • a ball of string
  • a bar of chocolate
  • a bottle of water
  • a bunch of carrots
  • a cube of sugar
  • a pack of cards
  • a pad of paper