Mengenal Tenses Yuk

Tuesday, July 3rd, 2012 - Tenses

Fungsi Tenses

Tenses merupakan hal yang paling mendasar dalam belajar Bahasa Inggris. Tenses merupakan bentuk waktu yang menjelaskan kapan suatu perbuatan, peristiwa atau situasi berlangsung atau dikerjakan. Jika kita tidak mengenal Tenses, tentu saja makna pembicaraan kita akan sangat sulit dimengerti orang lain.

Belajar Tenses dianggap orang sangat sulit untuk dipelajari. Jangankan nama-nama Tenses, banyaknya Tenses pun banyak orang yang tidak mengetahuinya. Padahal sangat gampang.

Yang perlu kita perhatikan dan ingat, hanya urutan dan Rumus Umum Tenses seperti di bawah ini:

Urutan Tense adalah sbb:

1. Simple
2. Continuous
3. Perfect
4. Perfect Continuous

Rumus Umum Tense adalah:

  • Present : Kata Kerja Bentuk I
  • Past: Kata kerja Bentuk II
  • Perfect : Kata Kerja Bentuk III, namun di depannya pasti ada have, has, atau had
  • Future : Kata Kerja Bentuk I, namun di depannya pasti ada will/shall, would/should
  • Continuous : Kata Kerja bentuk I ditambah ing. Namun, di depannya pasti ada to be; is, am, are, was, were, be, atau been

Tense Secara Umum adalah sbb:

(silahkan mengklik link dibawah ini untuk lebih tau secara detail fungsi dan kegunaan dari masing-masing bentuk tenses tersebut)

Present

  1. Present Simple Tense
  2. Present Continuous Tense
  3. Present Perfect Tense
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense

Past

  1. Past Simple Tense
  2. Past Continuous Tense
  3. Past Perfect Tense
  4. Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Future

  1. Future Simple Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Past Future

  1. Past Future Simple Tense
  2. Past Future Continuous Tense
  3. Past Future Perfect Tense
  4. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense

JADI 4 X 4 = 16 TENSES

Rumus Umum Tense adalah sbb:

  1. Present Simple Tense = S + V1 + dll
  2. Present Continuous Tense = S + is, am, are + V-ing + dll
  3. Present Perfect Tense = S + have,has + V3 + dll
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense = S + have, has + been + V-ing + dll
  5. Past Simple Tense = S + V2 + dll
  6. Past Continuous Tense = S + was, were + V-ing + dll
  7. Past Perfect Tense = S + had + V3 + dll
  8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense = S + had + been + V-ing + dll
  9. Future Simple Tense = S + will + V1 + dll
  10. Future Continuous Tense = S + will + be + V-ing + dll
  11. Future Perfect Tense = S + will + have + V3 + dll
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense = S + will + have + been + V-ing + dll
  13. Past Future Simple Tense = S + would + V1 + dll
  14. Past Future Continuous Tense = S + would + be + V-ing + dll
  15. Past Future Perfect Tense = S + would + have + V3 + dll
  16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense = S + would + have + been + V-ing + dll

Berikut ini contoh Tense dalam kalimat:

  1. Present Simple Tense = I study English
  2. Present Continuous Tense = I am studying English
  3. Present Perfect Tense = I have studied English
  4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense = I have been studying English
  5. Past Simple Tense = I studied English
  6. Past Continuous Tense = I was studying English
  7. Past Perfect Tense = I had studied English
  8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense = I had been studying English
  9. Future Simple Tense = I will study English
  10. Future Continuous Tense = I will be studying English
  11. Future Perfect Tense = I will have studied English
  12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense = I will have been studying English
  13. Past Future Simple Tense = I would study English
  14. Past Future Continuous Tense = I would be studying English
  15. Past Future Perfect Tense = I would have studied English
  16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense = I would have been studying English