Jenis Relative Clause ( Defining Relative Clause )

Saturday, June 9th, 2012 - grammar

-          Who

digunakan untuk menggantikan orang yang berkedudukan sebagai subjek.

Example:

Fini is angry.

She has just lost in the game.

Fini who has just lost in the game is angry.

 

Who diletakan tepat setelah kata yang digantikan.

The people were mostly young soldiers.

They were killed during the war.

They  pada kalimat kedua mengacu pada the people  dan berkedudukan sebagai subjek, maka gabungan kedua kalimat tersebut:

 

The people who were killed during the war were mostly young soldiers.

 

-          Whom

Digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang yang berkedudukan sebagai objek atau pelengkap.

Example:

The men are angry.

I don’t like the men.

The men whom I don’t like are angry.

 

Lea lives in Thailand.

Brade loves her very much.

Frase orang yang sama pada kedua kalimat tersebut adalah her yang mengacu pada Lea, maka gabungannya adalah:

Leas whom Brade loves very much lives in Thailand.

 

The man is angry.

The woman is talking to him.

Jika dalam kalimat kedua sebelum frase yang digantikan dengan relative clause terdapat preposisi, maka preposisi itu harus dipindahkan pada posisi sebelum ‘whom’. Maka, gabungan kedua kalimat tersebut:

The man to whom the woman is talking is angry.

 

The lady had moved to another city.

This letter is addressed to her.

The lady to whom this letter is addressed had moved to another city.

 

 

-          Whose

Digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang yang menyatakan kepemilikan/kepunyaan (possessive).

Example:

The board was composed of citizens.

 

 

The citizen’ dedication was evident.

The board was composed of citizens whose dedication was evident.

 

Tom’s father is in hospital now.

His health hasn’t been so good lately.

Tom’s father whose health hasn’t been so good lately is in hospital now.

 

-          Which

Digunakan untuk menggantikan frase benda atau binatang baik berkedudukan sebagai subjek maupun objek.

I saw a dog.

The dog was beaten by the boy.

I saw a dog which was beaten by the boy.

 

Lupus is my cat.

I feed it everyday.

Lupus which I feed everyday is my cat.

 

Apabila dalam kalimat kedua sebelum frase yang akan digantikan dengan relative clause terdapat preposisi maka preposisi ini harus dipindahkan pada posisi sebelum which.

 

That is the chair.

I sat on it last night.

That is the chair on which I sat last night.

 

The yellow card is only issued for employees.

No one can enter the factory without it.

The yellow card without which no one can enter the factory is only issued for employees.

 

-          That

Digunakan untuk menggantikan frase orang atau benda.

The girl who met me is very pretty                        The girl that met me is very pretty.

The girl whom Fred loves is very pretty                  The girl that Fred loves is very pretty.

Lupus which I feed everyday is my cat                         Lupus that I feed everyday is my cat.